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Article

Adherence to the 2018 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research Recommendations and Breast Cancer in the SUN Project

1
Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Universidad de Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
2
Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
3
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria ibs.GRANADA, 18014 Granada, Spain
4
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
5
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Área de Fisiología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBEROBN), 28029 Madrid, Spain
6
IdiSNA, Navarra Institute for Health Research, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
7
Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 2076; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072076
Received: 10 June 2020 / Revised: 5 July 2020 / Accepted: 7 July 2020 / Published: 13 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet Quality and Human Health)
A proportion of breast cancer cases are attributable to combined modifiable risk factors. The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) has recently updated the recommendations for cancer prevention and a standard scoring system has been published. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between compliance with the 2018 WCRF/AICR cancer prevention recommendations (Third Expert Report) and the risk of breast cancer in the SUN (“Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra”) prospective cohort. Spanish female university graduates, initially free of breast cancer, were included (n = 10,930). An 8-item score to measure compliance to the recommendations was built: body fat, physical activity, consumption of wholegrains/vegetables/fruit/beans, “fast foods”, red/processed meat consumption, sugar-sweetened drinks consumption, alcohol intake, and breastfeeding. A stratified analysis was conducted according to menopausal status. A non-significant inverse association was observed for overall breast cancer. The inverse association became statistically significant for post-menopausal breast cancer after multivariable adjustment (hazard ratio for > 5 vs. ≤ 3 points = 0.27; 95% CI: 0.08-0.93). The results suggested that the possible inverse association with breast cancer was attributable to the combined effects of the different nutritional and lifestyle components. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast cancer; 2018 WRCF/AICR recommendations; SUN Project; cohort breast cancer; 2018 WRCF/AICR recommendations; SUN Project; cohort
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barrios-Rodríguez, R.; Toledo, E.; Martinez-Gonzalez, M.A.; Aguilera-Buenosvinos, I.; Romanos-Nanclares, A.; Jiménez-Moleón, J.J. Adherence to the 2018 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research Recommendations and Breast Cancer in the SUN Project. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2076. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072076

AMA Style

Barrios-Rodríguez R, Toledo E, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Aguilera-Buenosvinos I, Romanos-Nanclares A, Jiménez-Moleón JJ. Adherence to the 2018 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research Recommendations and Breast Cancer in the SUN Project. Nutrients. 2020; 12(7):2076. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072076

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barrios-Rodríguez, Rocio, Estefanía Toledo, Miguel A. Martinez-Gonzalez, Inmaculada Aguilera-Buenosvinos, Andrea Romanos-Nanclares, and José J. Jiménez-Moleón 2020. "Adherence to the 2018 World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research Recommendations and Breast Cancer in the SUN Project" Nutrients 12, no. 7: 2076. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072076

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