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Nutrients and Dietary Patterns Related to Osteoporosis

1
Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Virgen de las Nieves Hospital, 18014 Granada, Spain
2
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria (Ibs.GRANADA), 18014 Granada, Spain
3
CIBERFES, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
4
Unidad de Gestión Clínica Endocrinología y Nutrición, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio de Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
5
Department of Medicine, University of Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 1986; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071986
Received: 1 June 2020 / Revised: 26 June 2020 / Accepted: 1 July 2020 / Published: 3 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet Quality and Human Health)
Osteoporosis is a common chronic disease characterized by a decrease in bone mineral density, impaired bone strength, and an increased risk of fragility fractures. Fragility fractures are associated with significant morbidity, mortality and disability and are a major public health problem worldwide. The influence of nutritional factors on the development and progression of this disease can be significant and is not yet well established. Calcium intake and vitamin D status are considered to be essential for bone metabolism homeostasis. However, some recent studies have questioned the usefulness of calcium and vitamin D supplements in decreasing the risk of fractures. The adequate intake of protein, vegetables and other nutrients is also of interest, and recommendations have been established by expert consensus and clinical practice guidelines. It is important to understand the influence of nutrients not only in isolation but also in the context of a dietary pattern, which is a complex mixture of nutrients. In this review, we evaluate the available scientific evidence for the effects of the main dietary patterns on bone health. Although some dietary patterns seem to have beneficial effects, more studies are needed to fully elucidate the true influence of diet on bone fragility. View Full-Text
Keywords: osteoporosis; calcium intake; vitamin D; dairy products; protein; dietary patterns osteoporosis; calcium intake; vitamin D; dairy products; protein; dietary patterns
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MDPI and ACS Style

Muñoz-Garach, A.; García-Fontana, B.; Muñoz-Torres, M. Nutrients and Dietary Patterns Related to Osteoporosis. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1986. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071986

AMA Style

Muñoz-Garach A, García-Fontana B, Muñoz-Torres M. Nutrients and Dietary Patterns Related to Osteoporosis. Nutrients. 2020; 12(7):1986. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071986

Chicago/Turabian Style

Muñoz-Garach, Araceli, Beatriz García-Fontana, and Manuel Muñoz-Torres. 2020. "Nutrients and Dietary Patterns Related to Osteoporosis" Nutrients 12, no. 7: 1986. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071986

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