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Open AccessArticle

Promotion of Healthy Eating in Spanish High Schools

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
Department of Sociology, Social Work and Public Health, Faculty of Labour Sciences, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
Safety and Health Postgraduate Programme, Universidad Espíritu Santo, Guayaquil 092301, Ecuador
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 1979;
Received: 21 May 2020 / Revised: 18 June 2020 / Accepted: 1 July 2020 / Published: 3 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Obesity and overweight are both public health problems, affecting increasingly younger populations. Promoting healthy eating should be a must in schools. Therefore, getting to know the eating habits of a population group as sensitive as adolescents and whether their schools apply an appropriate policy for their nutrition should be a priority. Therefore, the objective of this study was to discover whether the Secondary Education High Schools of Huelva and its province could be considered as centres that promote a healthy diet. A cross-sectional descriptive study was developed using a questionnaire comprising 39 indicators that were evaluated on 5 previously piloted subcategories of validated information. Data were obtained through a questionnaire presented to 200 key informants with four different profiles. The highest score for promoting healthy eating in the centres was related to the subcategory “School Curriculum”, whereas the lowest means were those related to the Community category. No practical activities such as outings or cooking workshops were carried out. The low participation in activities promoting healthy eating habits, research and health training must be highlighted. Little attention was paid to compliance and monitoring of school cafeterias. Most of the studied Secondary Education High Schools did not meet the requisites to be considered promoters of healthy eating habits. Only three of the studied centres can be considered healthy-eating promoters. Institutional commitment is needed to favour the intersectorality of the different agents implied and to provide teaching units and other teaching profiles with the necessary resources, training, and tools to achieve integral and protective teaching activities aimed at promoting students’ healthy eating habits. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; diet; food and nutrition; health promotion; schools; students adolescents; diet; food and nutrition; health promotion; schools; students
MDPI and ACS Style

Garrido-Fernández, A.; García-Padilla, F.M.; Sánchez-Ramos, J.L.; Gómez-Salgado, J.; Ramos-Pichardo, J.D.; Ortega-Galán, Á.M. Promotion of Healthy Eating in Spanish High Schools. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1979.

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