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Open AccessArticle

Food Addiction in a Group of Italian Adolescents Diagnosed for Eating Disorder

1
Predictive and Preventive Medicine Research Unit, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital IRCCS, 00165 Rome, Italy
2
School of Specialization in Food Science, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
3
Demetra, Association for Eating Disorders’ Prevention and Care, 00198 Rome, Italy
4
Anorexia Nervosa and Eating Disorder Unit, Child Neuropsychiatry, Dept. of Neuroscience, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital IRCCS, 00165 Rome Italy
5
Clinical Nutrition and Nutrigenomic Section, Biomedicine and Prevention Department, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
6
Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Unit, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital, IRCCS, 00165 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(5), 1524; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051524
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 20 May 2020 / Published: 23 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Clinical Nutrition)
Research in patients with Eating Disorders (EDs) showed high rates of Food Addiction (FA) even in restrictive subtypes. The majority of studies were conducted on adult population. The present work aimed to describe and compared FA in adolescents diagnosed for different EDs and to evaluate its association with patients’ psychopathology. Patients aged 12–18 y were included in the analysis. FA was assessed using the Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0. The rate of FA was of 49.4% in the whole sample (n = 87, F = 90.8%) and of 53.7% in patients diagnosed with restrictive anorexia nervosa. No difference in FA frequency was detected between EDs. A worse psychopathological picture was found in patients diagnosed with FA. Higher age, higher score to the Eating Attitudes Test–26 and to the Eating Disorder Inventory-3′s Interoceptive Deficits scale have been detected as the major predictors of FA in our sample. FA may be considered a transnosographic construct, not linked to the subtype of ED but to patients’ personal characteristics and, in particular, to age and interoceptive deficits. A worse psychopathology might be considered a risk factor for the presence of FA in EDs. View Full-Text
Keywords: food addiction; adolescents; eating disorders; YFAS 2.0 food addiction; adolescents; eating disorders; YFAS 2.0
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Cinelli, G.; Criscuolo, M.; Bifone, C.; Chianello, I.; Castiglioni, M.C.; De Lorenzo, A.; Di Renzo, L.; Tozzi, A.E.; Vicari, S.; Zanna, V. Food Addiction in a Group of Italian Adolescents Diagnosed for Eating Disorder. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1524.

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