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Article

Dietary Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Are Not Associated with the Metabolic Syndrome in Lebanese Healthy Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut P.O.BOX: 11-0236, Riad El Solh 1107-2020, Lebanon
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Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut P.O.BOX: 11-0236, Riad El Solh 1107-2020, Lebanon
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Vascular Medicine Program, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut P.O.BOX: 11-0236, Riad El Solh 1107-2020, Lebanon
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Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut P.O.BOX: 11-0236, Riad El Solh 1107-2020, Lebanon
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Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut P.O.BOX: 11-0236, Riad El Solh 1107-2020, Lebanon
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Clinical Research Institute, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut P.O.BOX: 11-0236, Riad El Solh 1107-2020, Lebanon
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(5), 1394; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051394
Received: 28 March 2020 / Revised: 23 April 2020 / Accepted: 26 April 2020 / Published: 13 May 2020
High dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) were suggested to increase the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). This study aims to estimate dietary GI and GL in a sample of healthy Lebanese adults and examine their association with MetS and its individual abnormalities. The study uses data from a community-based survey of 501 Lebanese urban adults. Dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire. Biochemical, anthropometric, and blood pressure measurements were obtained. Subjects with previous diagnosis of chronic disease, metabolic abnormalities, or with incomplete data or implausible energy intakes were excluded, yielding a sample of 283. Participants were grouped into quartiles of GI and GL. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed. Average dietary GI and GL were estimated at 59.9 ± 8 and 209.7 ± 100.3. Participants belonging to the highest GI quartile were at increased risk of having MetS (odds ratio (OR) = 2.251, 95% CI:1.120–4.525) but this association lost significance with further adjustments. Those belonging to the second quartile of GI had significantly lower odds of having hyperglycemia (OR: 0.380, 95% CI:0.174–0.833). No associations were detected between GL and MetS. The study contributes to the body of evidence discussing the relationship between GI, GL, and MetS, in a nutrition transition context. View Full-Text
Keywords: glycemic index; glycemic load; metabolic syndrome; urban adults; Lebanon glycemic index; glycemic load; metabolic syndrome; urban adults; Lebanon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Borgi, C.; Taktouk, M.; Nasrallah, M.; Isma’eel, H.; Tamim, H.; Nasreddine, L. Dietary Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Are Not Associated with the Metabolic Syndrome in Lebanese Healthy Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1394. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051394

AMA Style

Borgi C, Taktouk M, Nasrallah M, Isma’eel H, Tamim H, Nasreddine L. Dietary Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Are Not Associated with the Metabolic Syndrome in Lebanese Healthy Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(5):1394. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051394

Chicago/Turabian Style

Borgi, Cecile, Mandy Taktouk, Mona Nasrallah, Hussain Isma’eel, Hani Tamim, and Lara Nasreddine. 2020. "Dietary Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load Are Not Associated with the Metabolic Syndrome in Lebanese Healthy Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study" Nutrients 12, no. 5: 1394. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051394

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