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Open AccessArticle

Evening Meal Types and Family Meal Characteristics: Associations with Demographic Characteristics and Food Intake among Adolescents

1
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA
2
Clinical and Translational Science Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55414, USA
3
Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Social Medicine, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(4), 886; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12040886 (registering DOI)
Received: 22 February 2020 / Revised: 18 March 2020 / Accepted: 24 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Evening meal types and family meal characteristics among adolescents may vary by demographic characteristics and weight status and can negatively impact dietary intake. We used cross-sectional Family, Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study data from parent and adolescent dyads (12–17 years) to examine associations of adolescent evening meal types and family meal characteristics with adolescent and family demographic characteristics, weight status, and dietary intake. Multiple logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations of evening meal types and family meal characteristics with daily intake frequency of foods of interest, adolescent demographic characteristics, SES indicators, and weight status. All evening meal types that were not cooked from scratch showed associations with higher daily intake frequencies of less healthy food groups (fast food, convenience foods, sugar-sweetened beverages). Fast food eaten at home and heat-and-serve/box evening meals were associated with lower daily intake frequency of fruits and vegetables. Weight status, race/ethnicity, and age accounted for differences in associations with agreement regarding family meal characteristics. Agreement with often watching TV while eating, often eating alone and the importance of eating together were associated with daily intake frequency of some food groups. Evening meal types focused on convenience and negative family meal characteristics may adversely influence dietary intake among adolescents.
Keywords: family meals; evening meal types; parents; adolescents; dietary intake family meals; evening meal types; parents; adolescents; dietary intake
MDPI and ACS Style

Overcash, F.; Davey, C.; Zhang, Y.; Reicks, M. Evening Meal Types and Family Meal Characteristics: Associations with Demographic Characteristics and Food Intake among Adolescents. Nutrients 2020, 12, 886.

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