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Nutrition, Health, and Disease: Role of Selected Marine and Vegetal Nutraceuticals

1
EuroEspes Biomedical Research Center, Institute of Medical Science and Genomic Medicine, 15165 Bergondo, Corunna, Spain
2
EuroEspes Biotechnology, Polígono Industrial de Bergondo, Parroquia de Guísamo, A-6, 15165 Bergondo, Corunna, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(3), 747; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12030747
Received: 13 January 2020 / Revised: 3 March 2020 / Accepted: 8 March 2020 / Published: 11 March 2020
The investigation of new alternatives for disease prevention through the application of findings from dietary and food biotechnology is an ongoing challenge for the scientific community. New nutritional trends and the need to meet social and health demands have inspired the concept of functional foods and nutraceuticals which, in addition to their overall nutritional value, present certain properties for the maintenance of health. However, these effects are not universal. Nutrigenetics describes how the genetic profile has an impact on the response of the body to bioactive food components by influencing their absorption, metabolism, and site of action. The EbioSea Program, for biomarine prospection, and the Blue Butterfly Program, for the screening of vegetable-derived bioproducts, have identified a new series of nutraceuticals, devoid of side effects at conventional doses, with genotype-dependent preventive and therapeutic activity. Nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics provide the opportunity to explore the inter-individual differences in the metabolism of and response to nutrients, achieving optimal results. This fact leads to the concept of personalized nutrition as opposed to public health nutrition. Consequently, the development and prescription of nutraceuticals according to the individual genetic profile is essential to improve their effectiveness in the prevention and natural treatment of prevalent diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioproduct; cancer; cardiovascular disease; immune system; immunomodulation; menopause; nutraceutical; osteoporosis; Parkinson disease; prevention bioproduct; cancer; cardiovascular disease; immune system; immunomodulation; menopause; nutraceutical; osteoporosis; Parkinson disease; prevention
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Corzo, L.; Fernández-Novoa, L.; Carrera, I.; Martínez, O.; Rodríguez, S.; Alejo, R.; Cacabelos, R. Nutrition, Health, and Disease: Role of Selected Marine and Vegetal Nutraceuticals. Nutrients 2020, 12, 747.

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