Next Article in Journal
Body Image, Emotional Eating and Psychological Distress among Bariatric Surgery Candidates in Israel and the United States
Previous Article in Journal
Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation During Pregnancy on Maternal, Birth, Child Health and Development Outcomes in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Open AccessArticle

Food-Related Attentional Bias in Individuals with Normal Weight and Overweight: A Study with a Flicker Task

1
Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Roma “Sapienza”, 00185 Rome, Italy
2
Departamento de Psicología Experimental, Universdad de Granada, 18012 Granada, Spain
3
Dipartimento di Psicologia Dinamica e Clinica, Università di Roma “Sapienza”, 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(2), 492; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12020492 (registering DOI)
Received: 3 January 2020 / Revised: 11 February 2020 / Accepted: 11 February 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
The primary purpose of the present study was to investigate attentional biases for food-related stimuli in individuals with overweight and normal weight using a flicker paradigm. Specifically, it was tested whether attention allocation processes differ between individuals with overweight and normal weight using transient changes of food-related and neutral pictures. Change detection latencies in objects of central interest (CI) or objects of marginal interest (MI) were measured as an index of attention allocation in a sample of fifty-three students with overweight/obesity and sixty students with normal weight during a flicker paradigm with neutral, hypercaloric and hypocaloric food pictures. Both groups of participants showed an attentional bias for food-related pictures as compared to neutral pictures. However, the bias was larger in individuals with overweight than in individuals with normal weight when changes were of marginal interest, suggesting a stronger avoidance of the food-related picture. This study showed that food-related stimuli influence attention allocation processes in both participants with overweight and normal weight. In particular, as compared to individuals with normal weight, those with overweight seem to be characterised by a stronger attentional avoidance of (or smaller attention maintenance on) food-related stimuli that could be considered as a voluntary strategy to resist food consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: food-related attentional bias; overweight; normal weight; flicker task; change blindness food-related attentional bias; overweight; normal weight; flicker task; change blindness
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Favieri, F.; Forte, G.; Marotta, A.; Casagrande, M. Food-Related Attentional Bias in Individuals with Normal Weight and Overweight: A Study with a Flicker Task. Nutrients 2020, 12, 492.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop