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Article

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in College Students: Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of the KIDMED Questionnaire

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Grupo de Investigación en Deporte de Rendimiento (GRINDER), Programa de Educación Física y Deporte, Universidad del Valle, Santiago de Cali 76001, Colombia
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Grupo de Investigación en Actividad Física y Salud (GIAFS), Institución Universitaria Escuela Nacional del Deporte, Santiago de Cali 76001, Colombia
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Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria Granada (IBIS Granada), Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada (UGR), 18012 Granada, Spain
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Escuela de Estadística, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad del Valle, Santiago de Cali 76001, Colombia
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Navarrabiomed, Hospital Complex of Navarra (CHN)—Public University of Navarra (UPNA), Navarra Health Research Institute (IdisNa), Pamplona, C/Irunlarrea 3, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
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Center for Biomedical Research in Network on Healthy Fragility and Aging (CIBERfes), Carlos III Health Institute, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3897; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123897
Received: 19 November 2020 / Revised: 12 December 2020 / Accepted: 17 December 2020 / Published: 20 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
No prior studies have examined the reliability properties of the 16-item Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) questionnaire among young adults from a non-Mediterranean country. The objective of this study was to determine the psychometric properties in terms of the reliability and validity of the KIDMED questionnaire in young adults from Colombia. A cross-sectional validation study was conducted among 604 Colombian college students (47.51% men and 52.48% women; mean age of 21.60 ± 2.02 years). Kappa statistics were used to assess the reliability of the KIDMED questionnaire. A categorical principal components analysis was used to determine validity. Based on the KIDMED score, 58.4% of students had a good adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet). Good agreement in the general score of the questionnaire was observed (κ = 0.727, 95% confidence interval = 0.676 to 0.778, p < 0.001). A five-factor model was identified which explained almost 51.38% of the variability, showing the multidimensionality of the questionnaire. In conclusion, this study provides reasonable evidence for the reliability and validity of the KIDMED questionnaire for assessing adherence to MedDiet in college students within a Latin American country. The evaluation of the psychometric properties of this tool in early adulthood and in a non-Mediterranean country will be useful in clinical practice and epidemiological research, since practitioners and health researchers now have a valid and reliable short scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; reliability; validity; latin-american Mediterranean diet; reliability; validity; latin-american
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MDPI and ACS Style

Atencio-Osorio, M.A.; Carrillo-Arango, H.A.; Correa-Rodríguez, M.; Ochoa-Muñoz, A.F.; Ramírez-Vélez, R. Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in College Students: Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of the KIDMED Questionnaire. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3897. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123897

AMA Style

Atencio-Osorio MA, Carrillo-Arango HA, Correa-Rodríguez M, Ochoa-Muñoz AF, Ramírez-Vélez R. Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in College Students: Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of the KIDMED Questionnaire. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3897. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123897

Chicago/Turabian Style

Atencio-Osorio, Miguel A., Hugo A. Carrillo-Arango, María Correa-Rodríguez, Andrés F. Ochoa-Muñoz, and Robinson Ramírez-Vélez. 2020. "Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in College Students: Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of the KIDMED Questionnaire" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3897. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123897

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