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Article

Evaluation of Orthorexia Nervosa and Symptomatology Associated with Eating Disorders among European University Students: A Multicentre Cross-Sectional Study

1
Institute of Psychology, University of Wroclaw, 50-527 Wroclaw, Poland
2
Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Nursing of Ciudad Real, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
3
Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
4
Institute of Pedagogy, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biała, 43-310 Bielsko-Biała, Poland
5
Department of Nursing, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3716; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123716
Received: 7 November 2020 / Revised: 28 November 2020 / Accepted: 30 November 2020 / Published: 1 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating Behaviors and Human Health)
The objectives of the present study were to (1) evaluate prevalence of orthorexia nervosa (ON) in university students in Spain and Poland, (2) assess differences in ON and eating disorder (ED) pathology in both samples and (3) examine the relationship between ON and ED symptoms among Spanish and Polish university students. Eight hundred and sixty university students participated in the present study (Mage = 21.17 ± 3.38; MBMI = 22.57 ± 3.76). The Spanish and Polish samples comprised 485 and 375 students, respectively. The Düsseldorf Orthorexia Scale and the Eating Disorder Inventory were used in the present study. ON prevalence rates of 2.3% and 2.9%, respectively, are found in the Spanish and Polish samples. Compared to Polish students, Spanish university students reported increased drive for thinness and lower body dissatisfaction, lower level of ineffectiveness and lower level of interpersonal distrust. ON was positively related to drive for thinness, bulimia, body dissatisfaction, perfectionism interoceptive awareness (in both Spanish and Polish students) and ineffectiveness (in Spanish students). Our findings suggest that ON significantly overlaps with ED symptoms, which is in line with recent studies. Longitudinal studies are needed to assess how ON develops in a sample of young adults and whether it develops in isolation of or in parallel with ED pathology. View Full-Text
Keywords: orthorexia nervosa; eating disorder pathology; cross-cultural study; university students orthorexia nervosa; eating disorder pathology; cross-cultural study; university students
MDPI and ACS Style

Brytek-Matera, A.; Onieva-Zafra, M.D.; Parra-Fernández, M.L.; Staniszewska, A.; Modrzejewska, J.; Fernández-Martínez, E. Evaluation of Orthorexia Nervosa and Symptomatology Associated with Eating Disorders among European University Students: A Multicentre Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3716. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123716

AMA Style

Brytek-Matera A, Onieva-Zafra MD, Parra-Fernández ML, Staniszewska A, Modrzejewska J, Fernández-Martínez E. Evaluation of Orthorexia Nervosa and Symptomatology Associated with Eating Disorders among European University Students: A Multicentre Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3716. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123716

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brytek-Matera, Anna, María D. Onieva-Zafra, María L. Parra-Fernández, Anna Staniszewska, Justyna Modrzejewska, and Elia Fernández-Martínez. 2020. "Evaluation of Orthorexia Nervosa and Symptomatology Associated with Eating Disorders among European University Students: A Multicentre Cross-Sectional Study" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3716. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123716

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