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Review

The Benefits of Including Hummus and Hummus Ingredients into the American Diet to Promote Diet Quality and Health: A Comprehensive Review

1
Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
2
Sabra Dipping Company, LLC, 777 Westchester Ave., 3rd Floor, White Plains, NY 10604, USA
3
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78723, USA
4
Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78723, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3678; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123678
Received: 7 October 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 24 November 2020 / Published: 28 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Epidemiology)
Over the last decade, hummus has become an increasingly popular food. Given the ingredients (i.e., primarily chickpeas and tahini), nutrient composition, versatility, and acceptability, hummus can play a unique role when included in the American diet, to promote diet quality and improve health. The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence examining the effects of acute and long-term consumption of hummus and hummus ingredients on diet quality and risk factors related to type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. In addition, food pattern/menu modeling is included to illustrate the potential nutritional impact of consuming hummus to meet dietary guidelines. In general, the consumption of hummus and/or its respective ingredients has been shown to improve postprandial glycemic control, fasting lipids, appetite control, and daily food intake compared to other commonly consumed foods. The incorporation of hummus into the American diet can also improve diet quality by replacing foods higher in saturated fats, sodium, or added sugars. Collectively, these findings support the addition of hummus and/or hummus ingredients as an important component of a healthy dietary pattern. View Full-Text
Keywords: hummus; diet quality; type 2 diabetes; cardiovascular disease; obesity; health hummus; diet quality; type 2 diabetes; cardiovascular disease; obesity; health
MDPI and ACS Style

Reister, E.J.; Belote, L.N.; Leidy, H.J. The Benefits of Including Hummus and Hummus Ingredients into the American Diet to Promote Diet Quality and Health: A Comprehensive Review. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3678. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123678

AMA Style

Reister EJ, Belote LN, Leidy HJ. The Benefits of Including Hummus and Hummus Ingredients into the American Diet to Promote Diet Quality and Health: A Comprehensive Review. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3678. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123678

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reister, Evan J., Lynn N. Belote, and Heather J. Leidy 2020. "The Benefits of Including Hummus and Hummus Ingredients into the American Diet to Promote Diet Quality and Health: A Comprehensive Review" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3678. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123678

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