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Use of Technology-Based Interventions in the Treatment of Patients with Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Nursing, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
2
Department of Health Psychology, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(12), 3634; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123634
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 18 November 2020 / Accepted: 23 November 2020 / Published: 26 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Introduction: Obesity is one of the most important health problems worldwide. The prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically in the last decades and is now recognized as a global epidemic. Given the dramatic consequences of obesity, new intervention approaches based on the potential of technologies have been developed. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of studies using PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library, and MedLine databases to assess how different types of technologies may play an important role on weight loss in obese patients. Results: Forty-seven studies using different types of technologies including smartphones, app, websites, virtual reality and personal digital assistant were included in the review. About half of interventions (47%) found a significant effect of the technology-based interventions for weight lost in obese patients. The provision of feedback could also be effective as a complement to interventions carried out using technology to promote weight loss. Conclusions: The use of technologies can be effective to increase weight loss in patients with obesity improving treatment adherence through self-monitoring. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; technologies; weight-loss; interventions obesity; technologies; weight-loss; interventions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rumbo-Rodríguez, L.; Sánchez-SanSegundo, M.; Ruiz-Robledillo, N.; Albaladejo-Blázquez, N.; Ferrer-Cascales, R.; Zaragoza-Martí, A. Use of Technology-Based Interventions in the Treatment of Patients with Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2020, 12, 3634. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123634

AMA Style

Rumbo-Rodríguez L, Sánchez-SanSegundo M, Ruiz-Robledillo N, Albaladejo-Blázquez N, Ferrer-Cascales R, Zaragoza-Martí A. Use of Technology-Based Interventions in the Treatment of Patients with Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2020; 12(12):3634. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123634

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rumbo-Rodríguez, Lorena, Miriam Sánchez-SanSegundo, Nicolás Ruiz-Robledillo, Natalia Albaladejo-Blázquez, Rosario Ferrer-Cascales, and Ana Zaragoza-Martí. 2020. "Use of Technology-Based Interventions in the Treatment of Patients with Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review" Nutrients 12, no. 12: 3634. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12123634

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