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Open AccessArticle

Can Milk Affect Recovery from Simulated Team-Sport Match Play?

Department of Science and Health, Institute of Technology Carlow, R93 V960 Carlow, Ireland
School of Biomedical, Nutritional and Sport Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
School of Health and Human performance, Dublin City University, D09 V209 Dublin, Ireland
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute, Ulster University, Jordanstown BT37 OQB, UK
Population Health Sciences Institute, Newcastle University, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(1), 112;
Received: 23 November 2019 / Revised: 20 December 2019 / Accepted: 23 December 2019 / Published: 31 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sports Nutrition)
This study investigated the effects of cow’s milk on recovery from repeated simulated team games (STGs) in females. Twenty female team-sport athletes completed an STG circuit (2x ~ 30 min, with 10 min ‘half-time’). Measures of muscle function, soreness and tiredness, symptoms of stress and serum markers of muscle damage and oxidative stress were determined pre- and 24 h, 48 h, 72 h and 96 h following the circuit. At 48 h, a second STG was completed. Sprint performance (5 m, 15 m), lap time, countermovement jump (CMJ), heart rate and RPE were recorded during each STG. Immediately following each STG, participants consumed either 500 mL of cow’s milk (MILK) or 500 mL of an energy-matched carbohydrate (CHO) solution. Compared to CHO, MILK had a beneficial effect in attenuating losses in peak torque for knee extension (60°/s) (likely; effect size (ES) = 0.26 to 0.28) knee flexion (60°/s) (likely; ES = 0.45 to 0.61). A benefit for MILK was observed for 5 m sprint (possible-likely; ES = 0.40 to 0.58), 10 m sprint (likely; ES = 0.30 to 0.53) and symptoms of stress (likely–very likely, small). Mostly unclear outcomes for other variables were observed. For STG variables, trivial (HR, CMJ) and unclear (5 m sprint, 15 m sprint, lap-time, RPE) outcomes were recorded. In conclusion, the consumption of 500 mL of milk attenuated losses in muscle function and perceptions of stress following repeated simulated team-sports games. However, further investigation is warranted to determine whether MILK can influence subsequent team-sport performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: performance; protein; muscle damage; post-exercise recovery; female performance; protein; muscle damage; post-exercise recovery; female
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Rankin, P.; Callanan, D.; O’Brien, K.; Davison, G.; Stevenson, E.J.; Cockburn, E. Can Milk Affect Recovery from Simulated Team-Sport Match Play? Nutrients 2020, 12, 112.

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