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Open AccessArticle

Mediterranean Diet, Physical Fitness and Body Composition in Sevillian Adolescents: A Healthy Lifestyle

1
Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Seville (Research Lab HUM 962: Sports and Society), 41013 Seville, Spain
2
Human Motricity and Sports Performance Area, University of Seville, 41013 Seville, Spain
3
Faculty of Sports Sciencies, Pablo de Olavide University, 41013 Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(9), 2009; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092009
Received: 10 July 2019 / Revised: 20 August 2019 / Accepted: 22 August 2019 / Published: 26 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of adherence to the Mediterranean diet on health)
Childhood and adolescent obesity has become one of the most vital challenges to overcome in the present age. Physical fitness, physical activity and the Mediterranean diet (MD) are valuable tools for its prevention and treatment. The main objective of this study is to analyze the associations between health-related physical fitness components, body composition and adherence to the MD in 917 adolescents aged from 13- to 16-years-old. The ALPHA-Fitness Test was used to measure physical fitness and body composition, and the Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (KIDMED) questionnaire was employed to assess the adherence to the MD. The associations between variables were tested according to gender and age a generalized linear model (GLM) univariate analysis (two factors) and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA, with Bonferroni posthoc). As to the body composition and physical fitness variables, significant differences were obtained in both genders but not in relation to the adherence to the MD. The boys performed better in the physical fitness tests. Age was a determinant factor in adherence to the MD in the total sample, lowering as the age of the sample increases. Both the boys and girls who had a significantly higher performance in the endurance test were those who showed high/medium adherence to the MD. It is concluded that higher levels of cardiovascular endurance in boys and girls are associated with a medium and high adherence to the MD. View Full-Text
Keywords: lifestyle; adolescents; sedentary; physical inactivity; nutrition; obesity; health lifestyle; adolescents; sedentary; physical inactivity; nutrition; obesity; health
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Galan-Lopez, P.; Sánchez-Oliver, A.J.; Ries, F.; González-Jurado, J.A. Mediterranean Diet, Physical Fitness and Body Composition in Sevillian Adolescents: A Healthy Lifestyle. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2009.

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