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Assessment of Dietary Under-Reporting in Italian College Team Sport Athletes

Human Nutrition and Eating Disorders Research Centre, Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine; University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(6), 1391;
Received: 8 May 2019 / Revised: 14 June 2019 / Accepted: 19 June 2019 / Published: 21 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Intake and Eating Patterns in College Students)
Background: Nutrition is an important factor for sports performance and the assessment of dietary intakes in athletes can correct unhealthy eating habits. However, dietary assessment may be biased due to misreporting. The aim of our study was to investigate the occurrence of misreporting in a sample of collegiate team sport athletes. Methods: A total of 50 athletes participated. Each athlete filled in food records for seven days. Reported energy intake (EI) was considered in relation to the predicted basal metabolic rate (BMR) and expressed as the ratio EI/ BMR. All participants with EI/BMRestd ≤1.23 were classified as “low energy reporters” (LER), and those with an EI/BMRestd ratio >1.23 were classified as “adequate energy reporters” (AER). Results: According to cut-off values for under-reporting, 28 out of 50 athletes (56%) were classified as LER. The LER (16 M/12 F) had significantly higher BMI (23.17 ± 3.46 kg/m2 compared to 21.41 ± 1.91 kg/m2; p = 0.038) than the AER. The EI/kg fat free mass (FFM) was significantly lower in LER than the AER (33.34 ± 6.56 kcal/FFM compared to 48.51 ± 8.59 kcal/FFM, p < 0.0001). Nutrient intake was also significantly different between the two groups. Conclusions: Our results suggest that under-reporting of energy intake by collegiate team sport athletes may occur frequently and needs to be taken into consideration in the interpretation of nutrient intake. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary Intake; misreporting; under-reporting; athletes; team sport dietary Intake; misreporting; under-reporting; athletes; team sport
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferraris, C.; Guglielmetti, M.; Trentani, C.; Tagliabue, A. Assessment of Dietary Under-Reporting in Italian College Team Sport Athletes. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1391.

AMA Style

Ferraris C, Guglielmetti M, Trentani C, Tagliabue A. Assessment of Dietary Under-Reporting in Italian College Team Sport Athletes. Nutrients. 2019; 11(6):1391.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ferraris, Cinzia, Monica Guglielmetti, Claudia Trentani, and Anna Tagliabue. 2019. "Assessment of Dietary Under-Reporting in Italian College Team Sport Athletes" Nutrients 11, no. 6: 1391.

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