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Open AccessArticle

Ultrasound Muscle Assessment and Nutritional Status in Institutionalized Older Adults: A Pilot Study

1
Department of Physiotherapy, IBIMA, University of Málaga, 29017 Málaga, Spain
2
MOVE-IT Research group and Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Nursing and Physiotherapy University of Cádiz, 11002 Cádiz, Spain
3
Biomedical Research and Innovation Institute of Cádiz (INiBICA) Research Unit, Puerta del Mar University Hospital University of Cádiz, 11002 Cádiz, Spain
4
School of Clinical Sciences of the Faculty of Health at the Queensland, University of Technology, 4072 Brisbane, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(6), 1247; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061247
Received: 2 May 2019 / Revised: 26 May 2019 / Accepted: 29 May 2019 / Published: 31 May 2019
Muscle thickness, measured by ultrasonography, has been investigated for nutritional assessment in older adults, however the associations between muscle ultrasound parameters in the lower limb and nutritional status have not been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between muscle thickness echo intensity (EI), and nutritional status in home care residents. A cross sectional study was conducted involving 19 older adults from a home care in Malaga (Spain). We evaluated lower leg muscles by ultrasound, anthropometric data, physical function (measured by gait speed and the Short Physical Performance Battery), strength (handgrip and knee extensors strength) and nutritional status across the Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF). We found that muscle thickness assessed by ultrasonography independently predicts nutritional status by MNA-SF and after adjusting for handgrip strength or age and sex. As secondary findings, we found relations between strength, functional capacity and the MNA-SF test. These results suggest that lower leg muscle ultrasound parameters could be used as a low-cost objective method for muscle evaluation in nutritional assessment in older adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultrasound; muscle thickness; functional capacity; nutritional assessment; aging ultrasound; muscle thickness; functional capacity; nutritional assessment; aging
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mateos-Angulo, A.; Galán-Mercant, A.; Cuesta-Vargas, A.I. Ultrasound Muscle Assessment and Nutritional Status in Institutionalized Older Adults: A Pilot Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1247. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061247

AMA Style

Mateos-Angulo A, Galán-Mercant A, Cuesta-Vargas AI. Ultrasound Muscle Assessment and Nutritional Status in Institutionalized Older Adults: A Pilot Study. Nutrients. 2019; 11(6):1247. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061247

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mateos-Angulo, Alvaro; Galán-Mercant, Alejandro; Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio I. 2019. "Ultrasound Muscle Assessment and Nutritional Status in Institutionalized Older Adults: A Pilot Study" Nutrients 11, no. 6: 1247. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061247

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