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Effect of Adherence to Mediterranean Diet during Pregnancy on Children’s Health: A Systematic Review

1
Pediatric Emergency Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences (DIMEC), St. Orsola Hospital, University of Bologna, Via Massarenti 11, 40138 Bologna (BO), Italy
2
Department of Agri-Food Sciences and Technologies (DISTAL), University of Bologna, Piazza Goidanich 60, 47521 Cesena, Italy
3
Interdepartimental Center for Agro-Food Industrial Research (CIRI-AGRO), University of Bologna, via Quinto Bucci 336, 47521 Cesena (FC), Italy
4
Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, 40125 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2019, 11(5), 997; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11050997
Received: 30 March 2019 / Revised: 26 April 2019 / Accepted: 27 April 2019 / Published: 1 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Benefits of Mediterranean Diet)
The traditional Mediterranean diet has been shown to be a healthy eating pattern that protects against the development of many diseases in adults and children. Pregnancy is a critical period of plasticity during which foetal development may be significantly influenced by different environmental factors, including maternal nutrition. In this context, several studies have examined the potential benefits of adherence to a Mediterranean diet during pregnancy on birth outcomes, considering the Mediterranean diet as a whole rather than focusing on the effect of its individual components. In this review, we systematically summarized and discussed results of studies investigating the protective role of Mediterranean diet against foetal growth, prematurity, neural tube defects and other congenital pathologies, asthma and allergy, body weight and metabolic markers. Although current data are insufficient and randomized control trials are needed, growing evidence suggests the beneficial effect of the Mediterranean diet during pregnancy on children’s health. In this sense, strategies aiming to promote adherence to this dietary pattern might be of considerable importance to public health. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; pregnancy; offspring; child health Mediterranean diet; pregnancy; offspring; child health
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Biagi, C.; Di Nunzio, M.; Bordoni, A.; Gori, D.; Lanari, M. Effect of Adherence to Mediterranean Diet during Pregnancy on Children’s Health: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2019, 11, 997.

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