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Open AccessArticle

Development of a Technology-Assisted Food Frequency Questionnaire for Elementary and Middle School Children: Findings from a Pilot Study

1
Division of Public Health Nutrition, School of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
2
Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, Steinhardt School, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
3
Department of Applied Statistics, Social Science, and Humanities, Steinhardt School, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA
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Viocare Nutrition Software Solutions for Healthcare and Research, Princeton, NJ 08542, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(5), 1103; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051103
Received: 16 April 2019 / Revised: 8 May 2019 / Accepted: 10 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019
Background: This pilot study collected preliminary data for the modification of the VioScreen Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), an adult-validated, self-administered, web-based dietary assessment tool for use in older children. Methods: A convenience sample of 55 children, aged 6–14 years, completed the VioScreen FFQ and 3-day diet record (reference standard). Caregivers completed a short sociodemographic questionnaire. Reported dietary intakes from the VioScreen FFQ and 3-day diet record were calculated using standard nutrient databases, and descriptive statistics were used to examine differences in food/beverage items and portion sizes between the two methods. Informal focus groups obtained user feedback and identified components of the VioScreen FFQ that required modifications. Results: The highest de-attenuated Pearson correlation coefficients between the VioScreen FFQ and 3-day diet record were observed for iron (r = 0.69), saturated fat (r = 0.59), and vegetables (r = 0.56), and the lowest were for whole grains (r = 0.11) and vitamin C (r = 0.16). Qualitative feedback was overall positive, and six technological modifications were identified. Conclusion: Findings from this pilot study provided valuable information on the process of evaluating the use of the VioScreen FFQ among older children, and will inform the future development of a modified version for this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary assessment; food frequency questionnaire; children; adolescents; web-based dietary assessment; food frequency questionnaire; children; adolescents; web-based
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MDPI and ACS Style

Deierlein, A.L.; Bihuniak, J.D.; Nagi, E.; Litvak, J.; Victoria, C.; Braune, T.; Weiss, R.; Parekh, N. Development of a Technology-Assisted Food Frequency Questionnaire for Elementary and Middle School Children: Findings from a Pilot Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1103. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051103

AMA Style

Deierlein AL, Bihuniak JD, Nagi E, Litvak J, Victoria C, Braune T, Weiss R, Parekh N. Development of a Technology-Assisted Food Frequency Questionnaire for Elementary and Middle School Children: Findings from a Pilot Study. Nutrients. 2019; 11(5):1103. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051103

Chicago/Turabian Style

Deierlein, Andrea L.; Bihuniak, Jessica D.; Nagi, Ekanta; Litvak, Jackie; Victoria, Christian; Braune, Tanya; Weiss, Rick; Parekh, Niyati. 2019. "Development of a Technology-Assisted Food Frequency Questionnaire for Elementary and Middle School Children: Findings from a Pilot Study" Nutrients 11, no. 5: 1103. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051103

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