Next Article in Journal
A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study to Assess Effects of a Daily Pistachio (Pistacia Vera) Afternoon Snack on Next-Meal Energy Intake, Satiety, and Anthropometry in French Women
Next Article in Special Issue
Zinc Intake and Status and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
Fridamycin A, a Microbial Natural Product, Stimulates Glucose Uptake without Inducing Adipogenesis
Previous Article in Special Issue
Vitamin D Status, Calcium Intake and Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes: An Unresolved Issue
Comment published on 17 July 2019, see Nutrients 2019, 11(7), 1620.

Reversing Type 2 Diabetes: A Narrative Review of the Evidence

Virta Health, 535 Mission Street, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
Indiana University Health Arnett, Lafayette, IN 47904, USA
Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
Department of Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(4), 766;
Received: 27 February 2019 / Revised: 22 March 2019 / Accepted: 22 March 2019 / Published: 1 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Intake and Type 2 Diabetes)
Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has long been identified as an incurable chronic disease based on traditional means of treatment. Research now exists that suggests reversal is possible through other means that have only recently been embraced in the guidelines. This narrative review examines the evidence for T2D reversal using each of the three methods, including advantages and limitations for each. Methods: A literature search was performed, and a total of 99 original articles containing information pertaining to diabetes reversal or remission were included. Results: Evidence exists that T2D reversal is achievable using bariatric surgery, low-calorie diets (LCD), or carbohydrate restriction (LC). Bariatric surgery has been recommended for the treatment of T2D since 2016 by an international diabetes consensus group. Both the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) now recommend a LC eating pattern and support the short-term use of LCD for weight loss. However, only T2D treatment, not reversal, is discussed in their guidelines. Conclusion: Given the state of evidence for T2D reversal, healthcare providers need to be educated on reversal options so they can actively engage in counseling patients who may desire this approach to their disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes; diabetes reversal; bariatric surgery; very-low-calorie; low-carbohydrate diabetes; diabetes reversal; bariatric surgery; very-low-calorie; low-carbohydrate
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Hallberg, S.J.; Gershuni, V.M.; Hazbun, T.L.; Athinarayanan, S.J. Reversing Type 2 Diabetes: A Narrative Review of the Evidence. Nutrients 2019, 11, 766.

AMA Style

Hallberg SJ, Gershuni VM, Hazbun TL, Athinarayanan SJ. Reversing Type 2 Diabetes: A Narrative Review of the Evidence. Nutrients. 2019; 11(4):766.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hallberg, Sarah J., Victoria M. Gershuni, Tamara L. Hazbun, and Shaminie J. Athinarayanan. 2019. "Reversing Type 2 Diabetes: A Narrative Review of the Evidence" Nutrients 11, no. 4: 766.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop