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Article

Are the Motives for Food Choices Different in Orthorexia Nervosa and Healthy Orthorexia?

1
Department of Nutritional, Food and Consumer Sciences, Fulda University of Applied Sciences, 36037 Fulda, Germany
2
Departamento de Psicología y Sociología, Universidad de Zaragoza, 44003 Teruel, Spain
3
Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos, Universitat de València, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(3), 697; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030697
Received: 14 February 2019 / Revised: 11 March 2019 / Accepted: 21 March 2019 / Published: 25 March 2019
Recent research points to the bidimensional nature of orthorexia, with one dimension related to interest in healthy eating (healthy orthorexia) and another dimension related to a pathological preoccupation with eating healthily (orthorexia nervosa). Research was needed to provide further support for this differentiation. We examined the food-choice motives related to both aspects of orthorexia. Participants were 460 students from a Spanish university who completed the Teruel Orthorexia Scale and the Food Choice Questionnaire. By means of structural equation modeling, we analyzed the relationship between orthorexia, food-choice motives, gender, body mass index, and age. The motives predicting food choices in orthorexia nervosa and healthy orthorexia were quite different. In the case of orthorexia nervosa, the main motive was weight control, with sensorial appeal and affect regulation also showing significant associations. For healthy orthorexia, the main motive was health content, with sensorial appeal and price also showing significant associations. This supports the hypothesis that orthorexia nervosa is associated with maladaptive eating behavior motived more by weight control than by health concerns. View Full-Text
Keywords: orthorexia nervosa; healthy orthorexia; eating disorders; disordered eating; food choice motives orthorexia nervosa; healthy orthorexia; eating disorders; disordered eating; food choice motives
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MDPI and ACS Style

Depa, J.; Barrada, J.R.; Roncero, M. Are the Motives for Food Choices Different in Orthorexia Nervosa and Healthy Orthorexia? Nutrients 2019, 11, 697. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030697

AMA Style

Depa J, Barrada JR, Roncero M. Are the Motives for Food Choices Different in Orthorexia Nervosa and Healthy Orthorexia? Nutrients. 2019; 11(3):697. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030697

Chicago/Turabian Style

Depa, Julia, Juan R. Barrada, and María Roncero. 2019. "Are the Motives for Food Choices Different in Orthorexia Nervosa and Healthy Orthorexia?" Nutrients 11, no. 3: 697. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030697

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