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Open AccessArticle

Determinants of Undernutrition among Young Children Living in Soth Nikum District, Siem Reap, Cambodia

1
École des sciences des aliments, de nutrition et d’étude familiale, Université de Moncton, 18 avenue Antonine-Maillet, Moncton, NB E1A 3E9, Canada
2
Public Health Specialist, Guelph, ON N1E 6Y8, Canada
3
National Institute of Public Health, Phnom Penh 12203, Cambodia
4
Independent consultant, Phnom Penh 12203, Cambodia
5
Direction du mieux-être, Ministère du développement social, 1780 rue Water, Miramichi, NB E1N 1B6, Canada
6
World Vision Cambodia, #20 Street 71 Tonle Bassac, Chamkar Morn, Phnom Penh 12203, Cambodia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(3), 685; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030685
Received: 27 February 2019 / Revised: 17 March 2019 / Accepted: 18 March 2019 / Published: 22 March 2019
Background: Child undernutrition is of public concern in Cambodia. An understanding of factors influencing child nutritional status is essential to design programs that will reduce undernutrition. Using the UNICEF conceptual framework of causes of malnutrition, our research investigates the relationship between nutritional status of children aged 6–23 months and its immediate and underlying determinants. Methods: Baseline data from a cluster-randomized controlled trial aiming to assess the impact of the promotion of optimal feeding practices combined or not with the provision of local foods among 360 children 6–23 months of age were used. Anthropometry and biochemical measurements were performed at baseline. Data on each determinant of undernutrition were collected through interviews and direct observations. Results: Our results show that the degree of satisfaction of proteins and zinc requirements as well as the access to improved water sources and sanitation were positively associated with length-for-age, while having a better health status and a higher degree of satisfaction of energy, protein, zinc, and iron requirements were associated to an improved weight-for-length. Only child health status was associated to ferritin. Conclusion: Our results reiterate the importance of improving child diet and health status, but also the access to a healthy environment to ensure an optimal nutritional status. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional status; young children; determinant; dietary intake; Cambodia nutritional status; young children; determinant; dietary intake; Cambodia
MDPI and ACS Style

Blaney, S.; Menasria, L.; Main, B.; Chhorvann, C.; Vong, L.; Chiasson, L.; Hun, V.; Raminashvili, D. Determinants of Undernutrition among Young Children Living in Soth Nikum District, Siem Reap, Cambodia. Nutrients 2019, 11, 685. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030685

AMA Style

Blaney S, Menasria L, Main B, Chhorvann C, Vong L, Chiasson L, Hun V, Raminashvili D. Determinants of Undernutrition among Young Children Living in Soth Nikum District, Siem Reap, Cambodia. Nutrients. 2019; 11(3):685. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030685

Chicago/Turabian Style

Blaney, Sonia; Menasria, Lylia; Main, Barbara; Chhorvann, Chhea; Vong, Lenin; Chiasson, Lucie; Hun, Vannary; Raminashvili, David. 2019. "Determinants of Undernutrition among Young Children Living in Soth Nikum District, Siem Reap, Cambodia" Nutrients 11, no. 3: 685. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030685

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