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Open AccessArticle

Dairy Product Consumption and Metabolic Diseases in the [email protected] Study

1
Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga-IBIMA, 29010 Málaga, Spain
2
UGC Endocrinología y Nutrición, Hospital Regional Universitario de Málaga, 29009 Málaga, Spain
3
Biomedical Research Network in Diabetes and Associated Metabolic Disorders (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Diabetes y Enfermedades Metabólicas Asociadas -CIBERDEM-), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
4
UGC Endocrinología y Nutrición, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga (IBIMA), Universidad de Málaga, 29010 Málaga, Spain
5
UGCI de Prevención, Promoción y Vigilancia de la Salud, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
6
Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital del Mar, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
7
Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Universitario S. Carlos de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
8
Public Health Division, Department of Health, Autonomous Government of Catalonia, 08023 Barcelona, Spain
9
Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Central de Asturias, 33011 Oviedo, Spain
10
Laboratorio de Endocrinología, Hospital Universitario San Carlos de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
11
Diabetes Research Group, Hospital Universitario de Cruces, UPV-EHU, 48903 Baracaldo, Spain
12
EAP Raval Sud, Institut Català de la Salut, Red GEDAPS, Primary Care, Unitat de Suport a la Recerca (IDIAP e Fundació Jordi Gol), 08001 Barcelona, Spain
13
Diabetes Unit, Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, 46015 Valencia, Spain
14
Genotyping and Genetic Diagnosis Unit, Fundación de Investigación del Hospital Clínico de Valencia-INCLIVA, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(2), 262; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020262
Received: 19 December 2018 / Revised: 14 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
To date it is not clear what the role of dairy products is in metabolic diseases like diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. Therefore, the aim of this study is to test the association between dairy product consumption and those pathologies. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 5081 adults included in the [email protected] study, from 100 health centers around Spain. Food frequency questionnaires were carried out concerning consumption habits, which included dairy product consumption. Logistic regression models were used for the association analyses between the variables controlling confounding variables. Women had a higher consumption of milk, cheese, or yogurt than men (p < 0.0001), but men consumed more sugar dairy products (p < 0.001). People who live in the North of Spain consume more dairy products than those who live in the East. Dairy product consumption was inversely associated with the presence of hypertension regardless of age, sex, geographical region, and body mass index (BMI) (Odds Ratio (OR) 0.743; p = 0.022). The presence of obesity was inversely associated with dairy consumption regardless of age, sex, and geographical region (OR 0.61; p < 0.001). Milk consumption was not associated with diabetes. Our results show that consuming dairy products is associated with a better metabolic profile in the Spanish population. View Full-Text
Keywords: dairy; yogurt; milk; diabetes; obesity; hypertension dairy; yogurt; milk; diabetes; obesity; hypertension
MDPI and ACS Style

Lago-Sampedro, A.; García-Escobar, E.; Rubio-Martín, E.; Pascual-Aguirre, N.; Valdés, S.; Soriguer, F.; Goday, A.; Calle-Pascual, A.; Castell, C.; Menéndez, E.; Delgado, E.; Bordiú, E.; Castaño, L.; Franch-Nadal, J.; Girbés, J.; Chaves, F.J.; Gaztambide, S.; Rojo-Martínez, G.; Olveira, G. Dairy Product Consumption and Metabolic Diseases in the [email protected] Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 262.

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