Next Article in Journal
Scutellarein Induces Fas-Mediated Extrinsic Apoptosis and G2/M Cell Cycle Arrest in Hep3B Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells
Previous Article in Journal
The Effects of Dietary Pattern during Intensified Training on Stool Microbiota of Elite Race Walkers

Dairy Product Consumption and Metabolic Diseases in the [email protected] Study

Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga-IBIMA, 29010 Málaga, Spain
UGC Endocrinología y Nutrición, Hospital Regional Universitario de Málaga, 29009 Málaga, Spain
Biomedical Research Network in Diabetes and Associated Metabolic Disorders (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Diabetes y Enfermedades Metabólicas Asociadas -CIBERDEM-), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
UGC Endocrinología y Nutrición, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Málaga (IBIMA), Universidad de Málaga, 29010 Málaga, Spain
UGCI de Prevención, Promoción y Vigilancia de la Salud, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital del Mar, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Universitario S. Carlos de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Public Health Division, Department of Health, Autonomous Government of Catalonia, 08023 Barcelona, Spain
Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Central de Asturias, 33011 Oviedo, Spain
Laboratorio de Endocrinología, Hospital Universitario San Carlos de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Diabetes Research Group, Hospital Universitario de Cruces, UPV-EHU, 48903 Baracaldo, Spain
EAP Raval Sud, Institut Català de la Salut, Red GEDAPS, Primary Care, Unitat de Suport a la Recerca (IDIAP e Fundació Jordi Gol), 08001 Barcelona, Spain
Diabetes Unit, Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, 46015 Valencia, Spain
Genotyping and Genetic Diagnosis Unit, Fundación de Investigación del Hospital Clínico de Valencia-INCLIVA, 46010 Valencia, Spain
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(2), 262;
Received: 19 December 2018 / Revised: 14 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
To date it is not clear what the role of dairy products is in metabolic diseases like diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. Therefore, the aim of this study is to test the association between dairy product consumption and those pathologies. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 5081 adults included in the [email protected] study, from 100 health centers around Spain. Food frequency questionnaires were carried out concerning consumption habits, which included dairy product consumption. Logistic regression models were used for the association analyses between the variables controlling confounding variables. Women had a higher consumption of milk, cheese, or yogurt than men (p < 0.0001), but men consumed more sugar dairy products (p < 0.001). People who live in the North of Spain consume more dairy products than those who live in the East. Dairy product consumption was inversely associated with the presence of hypertension regardless of age, sex, geographical region, and body mass index (BMI) (Odds Ratio (OR) 0.743; p = 0.022). The presence of obesity was inversely associated with dairy consumption regardless of age, sex, and geographical region (OR 0.61; p < 0.001). Milk consumption was not associated with diabetes. Our results show that consuming dairy products is associated with a better metabolic profile in the Spanish population. View Full-Text
Keywords: dairy; yogurt; milk; diabetes; obesity; hypertension dairy; yogurt; milk; diabetes; obesity; hypertension
MDPI and ACS Style

Lago-Sampedro, A.; García-Escobar, E.; Rubio-Martín, E.; Pascual-Aguirre, N.; Valdés, S.; Soriguer, F.; Goday, A.; Calle-Pascual, A.; Castell, C.; Menéndez, E.; Delgado, E.; Bordiú, E.; Castaño, L.; Franch-Nadal, J.; Girbés, J.; Chaves, F.J.; Gaztambide, S.; Rojo-Martínez, G.; Olveira, G. Dairy Product Consumption and Metabolic Diseases in the [email protected] Study. Nutrients 2019, 11, 262.

AMA Style

Lago-Sampedro A, García-Escobar E, Rubio-Martín E, Pascual-Aguirre N, Valdés S, Soriguer F, Goday A, Calle-Pascual A, Castell C, Menéndez E, Delgado E, Bordiú E, Castaño L, Franch-Nadal J, Girbés J, Chaves FJ, Gaztambide S, Rojo-Martínez G, Olveira G. Dairy Product Consumption and Metabolic Diseases in the [email protected] Study. Nutrients. 2019; 11(2):262.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lago-Sampedro, Ana, Eva García-Escobar, Elehazara Rubio-Martín, Nuria Pascual-Aguirre, Sergio Valdés, Federico Soriguer, Albert Goday, Alfonso Calle-Pascual, Conxa Castell, Edelmiro Menéndez, Elías Delgado, Elena Bordiú, Luis Castaño, Josep Franch-Nadal, Juan Girbés, Felipe J. Chaves, Sonia Gaztambide, Gemma Rojo-Martínez, and Gabriel Olveira. 2019. "Dairy Product Consumption and Metabolic Diseases in the [email protected] Study" Nutrients 11, no. 2: 262.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop