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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Zinc Supplementation on Nutritional Status in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Randomized Trial

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Faculty of Medicine, National University of San Marcos, Cangallo 818, 15001 Cercado de Lima, Peru
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National Institute of Child Health, Paediatric Nephrology Service, Avenida Brasil 600, 15083 Breña, Peru
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Faculty of Medicine, Valladolid University, Avenida Ramón y Cajal, 7, 47005 Valladolid, Spain
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Faculty of Food Science and Technology, National Agrarian University, Avenida la Molina, s/n, 15024 La Molina, Lima, Peru
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Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Valladolid University, 47005 Valladolid, Spain
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Department of Analytical Chemistry, Science Faculty, University of Valladolid, Campus Miguel Delibes, Calle Paseo de Belén, 7, 47011 Valladolid, Spain
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Department of Paediatrics of the Faculty of Medicine, Valladolid University, Section of Gastroenterology and Pediatric Nutrition, University Clinical Hospital of Valladolid, 47005 Valladolid, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2671; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112671
Received: 7 August 2019 / Revised: 23 October 2019 / Accepted: 29 October 2019 / Published: 5 November 2019
Background: Zinc is an essential micronutrient for human beings and its deficiency affects their normal growth and development. Objective: The main aim was to evaluate the effect of two doses of zinc supplementation (ZS) on the nutritional status in chronic kidney disease (CKD) children. Methods: A randomized-trial multicentric study was conducted in 48 CKD (23 females) patients under 18-years-old, for a year. At random, participants took 30 or 15 mg/day of ZS, respectively. Anthropometric measurements and biochemical analysis were performed. Hypozincemia was determined by serum zinc concentration (SZC) using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The positive or negative change in patients’ body mass index (BMI) Z-score, serum albumin, zinc and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were used to evaluate the effect of ZS. Results: Mean SZC was normal before and after ZS. Despite ZS, there were no significant changes in serum albumin, zinc and CRP levels. A positive and significant association was observed between SZC and serum albumin before (p = 0.000) and after (p = 0.007) ZS. In both groups of ZS, there was a small but positive and significant change in body mass and normalization in BMI Z-score, hypoalbuminemia, hypozincemia and high CRP, especially with 30 mg/day of ZS. Conclusions: Zinc supplementation may be beneficial for nutritional status in children and adolescents with CKD. View Full-Text
Keywords: serum zinc concentration; hypozincemia; chronic kidney disease; serum albumin; C-reactive protein; underweight; undernutrition; stunted growth serum zinc concentration; hypozincemia; chronic kidney disease; serum albumin; C-reactive protein; underweight; undernutrition; stunted growth
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Escobedo-Monge, M.F.; Ayala-Macedo, G.; Sakihara, G.; Peralta, S.; Almaraz-Gómez, A.; Barrado, E.; Marugán-Miguelsanz, J.M. Effects of Zinc Supplementation on Nutritional Status in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease: A Randomized Trial. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2671.

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