Next Article in Journal
Impact of Endurance and Resistance Training on Skeletal Muscle Glucose Metabolism in Older Adults
Previous Article in Journal
Berry-Enriched Diet in Salt-Sensitive Hypertensive Rats: Metabolic Fate of (Poly)Phenols and the Role of Gut Microbiota
Open AccessArticle

Tea Consumption Patterns in Relation to Diet Quality among Children and Adults in the United States: Analyses of NHANES 2011–2016 Data

1
MS-Nutrition, 27 bld Jean Moulin Faculté de Médecine la Timone, Laboratoire C2VN, 13385 Marseille CEDEX 5, France
2
Department of Epidemiology & Population Health Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10595, USA
3
Center for Public Health Nutrition, University of Washington, Box 353410, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2635; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112635
Received: 25 August 2019 / Revised: 16 October 2019 / Accepted: 23 October 2019 / Published: 3 November 2019
Flavonoid-rich tea offers an alternative to sugar-sweetened beverages. The present analyses, based on 2 24-hour dietary recalls for 17,506 persons aged ≥9 years old in the 2011–2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database (NHANES 2011–2016), explored tea consumption patterns in relation to demographics, diet quality, cardiovascular disease (CVD) biomarkers (lipids and blood pressure), and body weight. Beverage categories were unsweetened tea, other tea (herbal and presweetened tea), coffee, milk, 100% juice, water and other high-calorie (HC) and low-calorie (LC) beverages. Tea consumption (18.5% of the sample) was highest among older adults (51–70 years old), non-Hispanic Asians and Whites, and those with college education and higher incomes. The effects of age, gender, education, income, and race/ethnicity were all significant (p < 0.001 for all). Adult tea consumers had diets with more protein, fiber, potassium, iron, and magnesium, and less added sugars and alcohol. Their diets contained fewer HC beverages and coffee but had more total and citrus fruit, more total dark green and orange vegetables, and more seafood, eggs, soy and milk. Tea consumers had higher Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2015) and higher Nutrient-Rich Foods (NRF9.3) nutrient density scores. Few children drank tea and no differences in diet quality between consumers and non-consumers were observed. Adult tea consumers had slightly higher high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and lower body mass index (BMI) values. Tea consumption was associated with higher socioeconomic status and better diets. View Full-Text
Keywords: tea; beverages; consumption; demographics; socioeconomic status; diet quality; Nutrient-Rich Foods (NRF9.3); Healthy Eating Index 2015; CVD biomarkers; BMI tea; beverages; consumption; demographics; socioeconomic status; diet quality; Nutrient-Rich Foods (NRF9.3); Healthy Eating Index 2015; CVD biomarkers; BMI
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vieux, F.; Maillot, M.; Rehm, C.D.; Drewnowski, A. Tea Consumption Patterns in Relation to Diet Quality among Children and Adults in the United States: Analyses of NHANES 2011–2016 Data. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2635.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop