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Article

The Association of Disease Activity, BMI and Phase Angle with Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients with IBD

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UOC di Nutrizione Clinica, Area Medicina Interna, Gastroenterologia e Oncologia Medica, Dipartimento di Scienze Gastroenterologiche, Endocrino—Metaboliche e Nefro-Urologiche, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
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UOC di Medicina Interna e Gastroenterologia, Area Medicina Interna, Gastroenterologia e Oncologia Medica, Dipartimento di Scienze Gastroenterologiche, Endocrino—Metaboliche e Nefro-Urologiche, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(11), 2583; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112583
Received: 30 August 2019 / Revised: 15 October 2019 / Accepted: 22 October 2019 / Published: 26 October 2019
Hypovitaminosis D is frequently present in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with a higher incidence in Crohn’s disease (CD) than in Ulcerative Colitis (UC). Given the involvement of the alimentary tract, many factors can contribute to hypovitaminosis D. The aim of the study was to investigate the association of disease activity, body mass index (BMI) and phase angle with vitamin D deficiency in patients with IBD. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a cohort of 206 IBD patients (October 2016–September 2018). Of these patients, 32.6% were affected by hypovitaminosis D (CD: 38.6%; UC: 25.6%; p < 0.01). Negative and significant associations (p < 0.01) were found between BMI and vitamin D serum levels both in CD and UC patients. BMI represented a determinant of hypovitaminosis D (Odds Ratio (OR) = 1.12, p < 0.01) only in UC patients; phase angle was associated to hypovitaminosis D in both groups (CD: OR = 0.64, p < 0.05; UC: OR = 0.49, p < 0.01). Results of the present study confirm a higher incidence of hypovitaminosis D in patients with CD than in those with UC, and show that nutritional status plays a crucial role in the incidence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with IBD. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin D deficiency; Crohn’s disease; ulcerative colitis; BMI; phase angle vitamin D deficiency; Crohn’s disease; ulcerative colitis; BMI; phase angle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mentella, M.C.; Scaldaferri, F.; Pizzoferrato, M.; Gasbarrini, A.; Miggiano, G.A.D. The Association of Disease Activity, BMI and Phase Angle with Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients with IBD. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2583. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112583

AMA Style

Mentella MC, Scaldaferri F, Pizzoferrato M, Gasbarrini A, Miggiano GAD. The Association of Disease Activity, BMI and Phase Angle with Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients with IBD. Nutrients. 2019; 11(11):2583. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112583

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mentella, Maria C.; Scaldaferri, Franco; Pizzoferrato, Marco; Gasbarrini, Antonio; Miggiano, Giacinto A.D. 2019. "The Association of Disease Activity, BMI and Phase Angle with Vitamin D Deficiency in Patients with IBD" Nutrients 11, no. 11: 2583. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112583

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