Next Article in Journal
Immune Effects of the Nitrated Food Allergen Beta-Lactoglobulin in an Experimental Food Allergy Model
Next Article in Special Issue
Obesity in the Liver Transplant Setting
Previous Article in Journal
Antioxidant Saffron and Central Retinal Function in ABCA4-Related Stargardt Macular Dystrophy
Previous Article in Special Issue
Controversies in Diagnosing Sarcopenia in Cirrhosis—Moving from Research to Clinical Practice
Open AccessReview

The Analysis of Food Intake in Patients with Cirrhosis Waiting for Liver Transplantation: A Neglected Step in the Nutritional Assessment

1
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, 40138 Bologna, Italy
2
Support Services and People Care, General Direction, S. Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, 40138 Bologna, Italy
3
Centre for Applied Biomedical Research (C.R.B.A.), Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, 40138 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(10), 2462; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102462
Received: 26 August 2019 / Revised: 8 October 2019 / Accepted: 9 October 2019 / Published: 15 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition in Liver Cirrhosis and Liver Transplantation)
Patients with cirrhosis waiting for liver transplantation (LT) frequently present a nutritional disorder, which represents an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality before and after transplantation. Thus, a proper assessment of the food intake by using different methods, such as food records, food frequency questionnaires, and 24 h recall, should be deemed an important step of the nutritional management of these patients. The available published studies indicate that the daily food intake is inadequate in the majority of waitlisted patients. These findings were confirmed by our experience, showing that the daily intake of total calories, proteins and carbohydrates was inadequate in approximately 85–95% of patients, while that of lipids and simple carbohydrates was inadequate in almost 50% of them. These data highlight the need to implement an effective educational program provided by certified nutritionists or dieticians, who should work in close collaboration with the hepatologist to provide a nutritional intervention tailored to the individual patient requirements. View Full-Text
Keywords: malnutrition; cirrhosis; liver transplantation; food records; caloric intake; macronutrients intakes; patient adherence malnutrition; cirrhosis; liver transplantation; food records; caloric intake; macronutrients intakes; patient adherence
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Palmese, F.; Bolondi, I.; Giannone, F.A.; Zaccherini, G.; Tufoni, M.; Baldassarre, M.; Caraceni, P. The Analysis of Food Intake in Patients with Cirrhosis Waiting for Liver Transplantation: A Neglected Step in the Nutritional Assessment. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2462.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop