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Open AccessArticle

Measuring Food Waste and Consumption by Children Using Photography

Institute Paul Bocuse Research Center, 69130 Ecully, France
Bonduelle Corporate Research, 59650 Villeneuve-d’Ascq France
Herb L. Meiselman Training and Consulting, Rockport, MA 01966, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Present address: Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l’Alimentation, AgroSup Dijon, CNRS, INRA, Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2100 Dijon, France.
Nutrients 2019, 11(10), 2410;
Received: 31 August 2019 / Revised: 26 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 9 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Choice and Nutrition)
A photography method was used to measure waste on food trays in school lunch in France, using the 5-point quarter-waste scale. While food waste has been studied extensively in US school lunches, the structure of the French lunch meal is quite different, with multiple courses, and vegetables (raw and cooked) in more than one course. Vegetables were the most wasted food category as usually seen in school lunch research, especially cooked vegetables, which were wasted at rates of 66%–83%. Raw vegetables were still wasted more than main dishes, starchy products, dairy, fruit, and desserts. Vegetables were also the most disliked food category, with the classes of vegetables falling in the same order as for waste. Waste and liking were highly correlated. Sensory characteristics of the food were cited as a main reason for liking/disliking. There is a strong connection between food liking and food consumption, and this connection should be the basis for future attempts to modify school lunch to improve consumption. The photographic method of measuring food waste at an individual level performed well. View Full-Text
Keywords: food waste; school lunch; photography; vegetables; liking; French meals food waste; school lunch; photography; vegetables; liking; French meals
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Giboreau, A.; Schwartz, C.; Morizet, D.; Meiselman, H.L. Measuring Food Waste and Consumption by Children Using Photography. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2410.

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