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Cultural Differences in Diet and Determinants of Diet Quality in Switzerland: Results from the National Nutrition Survey menuCH

1
Division of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of Zurich, Hirschengraben 84, CH-8001 Zurich, Switzerland
2
Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation, ZHAW Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Einsiedlerstrasse 34, CH-8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland
3
Health Department, Bern University of Applied Sciences, Falkenplatz 24, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(1), 126; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010126
Received: 19 November 2018 / Revised: 21 December 2018 / Accepted: 5 January 2019 / Published: 9 January 2019
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Abstract

Sociodemographic differences in dietary consumption were observed in different populations. The current study aimed to identify sociodemographic and lifestyle determinants of diet quality and to investigate the differences in diet quality between the three main language regions of Switzerland. Using data of the Swiss National Nutrition Survey menuCH (n = 2057), two diet quality scores—Alternate Healthy Eating Index and Mediterranean Diet Score—were computed. Linear regression models were used to investigate the determinants of diet quality and chi-square tests were used to test for differences in single score components between language regions. Significantly higher diet quality scores were observed for individuals who were female, older, normal weight, non-Swiss, with tertiary education or moderate-to-high physical activity level. Additionally, residents of the French- and Italian-speaking parts of Switzerland scored higher than residents of the German-speaking region. More specifically, the higher diet quality observed in the French- and Italian-speaking regions was mediated by higher scores in the components of alcohol, dairy products, fat, fish, sugar-sweetened beverages and whole grains. The present results may help to better characterize population groups requiring specific dietary recommendations, enabling public health authorities to develop targeted interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary patterns; diet quality scores; 24h dietary recall; language regions dietary patterns; diet quality scores; 24h dietary recall; language regions
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Pestoni, G.; Krieger, J.-P.; Sych, J.M.; Faeh, D.; Rohrmann, S. Cultural Differences in Diet and Determinants of Diet Quality in Switzerland: Results from the National Nutrition Survey menuCH. Nutrients 2019, 11, 126.

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