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Open AccessArticle

Foods Contributing to Macronutrient Intake of Women Living in Puerto Rico Reflect Both Traditional Puerto Rican and Western-Type Diets

1
Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
2
Nutrition and Dietetics Program, University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras Campus, Rio Piedras, San Juan, PR 00925, USA
3
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR 00935, USA
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Department of Cancer Prevention and Control, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY 14263, USA
5
Department of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Puerto Rico Rio Piedras Campus, Rio Piedras, San Juan, PR 00931, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(9), 1242; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091242
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 30 August 2018 / Accepted: 2 September 2018 / Published: 6 September 2018
Lack of variability in dietary intake within a population makes identification of relationships between diet and disease difficult. Studies in populations with greater interindividual variation can provide important insights. The Puerto Rican diet is in transition from a traditional to a more Western-type diet, resulting in greater interindividual variability. We identified foods contributing to absolute intake and variability in the intake of macronutrients among Puerto Rican women. One hundred women, aged 30–79, residents of San Juan, Puerto Rico, completed three, interviewer-administered, 24-h dietary recalls from which foods contributing to absolute intake and intake variability in intake of energy, fat, protein, carbohydrate and dietary fiber were determined. The overall prevalence of intake of foods was also calculated. Traditional Puerto Rican foods such as legumes, rice, and plantains were important contributors to the intake of calories and macronutrients as were foods more typical of Western diets including white bread and sweetened carbonated beverages. Identification of food sources of nutrients for this population with a diet in transition can contribute to the development of instruments to measure dietary intake and to understand the contribution of diet to the etiology of chronic disease among Puerto Rican women. View Full-Text
Keywords: Puerto Rican diet; Hispanic diet; macronutrient sources; dietary variation sources Puerto Rican diet; Hispanic diet; macronutrient sources; dietary variation sources
MDPI and ACS Style

Truesdell, E.; Schelske-Santos, M.; Nazario, C.M.; Rosario-Rosado, R.V.; McCann, S.E.; Millen, A.E.; Ramírez-Marrero, F.A.; Freudenheim, J.L. Foods Contributing to Macronutrient Intake of Women Living in Puerto Rico Reflect Both Traditional Puerto Rican and Western-Type Diets. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1242.

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