Next Article in Journal
The Relationship between Controlling Nutritional (CONUT) Score and Clinical Markers among Adults with Hepatitis C Virus Related Liver Cirrhosis
Previous Article in Journal
Dietary Intake and Beliefs of Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes in Cape Town, South Africa
Article

Type 1 Diabetic Subjects with Diabetic Retinopathy Show an Unfavorable Pattern of Fat Intake

1
Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Health Sciences Research Institute & University Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, 08916 Badalona, Spain
2
Lleida Institute for Biomedical Research Dr. Pifarré Foundation, IRBLleida, University of Lleida, 25198 Lleida, Spain
3
Department of Endocrinology & Nutrition, University Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, 08916 Badalona, Spain
4
Epidemiology and Public Health, International University of Catalonia, 08017 Barcelona, Spain
5
Unit Support of Research, Institut d’Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAP Jordi Gol), 08007 Barcelona, Spain
6
Center for Biomedical Research on Diabetes and Associated Metabolic Diseases (CIBERDEM), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
7
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol, 08916 Badalona, Spain
8
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, 25198 Lleida, Spain
9
Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Lleida, 25198 Lleida, Spain
10
Department of Endocrinology & Nutrition, University Hospital Arnau de Vilanova, 25198 Lleida, Spain
11
Department of Endocrinology & Nutrition, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08041 Barcelona, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(9), 1184; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091184
Received: 13 July 2018 / Revised: 25 August 2018 / Accepted: 27 August 2018 / Published: 29 August 2018
Medical nutrition therapy is an important part of the management of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Proper adherence to a healthy diet may have a favorable impact on diabetes management and its diabetic complications. Our aim was to assess differences in food and nutrient intake of type 1 diabetic patients with and without diabetic retinopathy (DR). This was a two-center, cross-sectional study in patients with T1DM, with and without DR. Subjects were recruited from the outpatient clinic of the two participating centers. A validated food frequency questionnaire was administered. A total of 103 T1DM patients with DR and 140 T1DM patient without DR were recruited. Subjects with DR showed a lower intake of total fat (p = 0.036) than that of their non-DR counterparts. DR was associated with increasing age (p = 0.004), hypertension (p < 0.001), and diabetes duration (p < 0.001), however there was a negative association with high educational level (p = 0.018). The multivariate-adjusted analysis showed that the intake of complex carbohydrates was positively related to the presence of DR (p = 0.031). In contrast, the intakes of total fat (p = 0.009), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) (p = 0.012), oleic acid (p = 0.012), and vitamin E (p = 0.006) were associated with the absence of DR. As conclusions, the intake of total MUFAs, oleic acid, and vitamin E is associated with a lower frequency of DR in patients with T1DM. These results suggest a potential protective effect of these lipid components for DR. View Full-Text
Keywords: type 1 diabetes; diabetic retinopathy; dietary pattern; oleic acid; fatty acids; carbohydrates type 1 diabetes; diabetic retinopathy; dietary pattern; oleic acid; fatty acids; carbohydrates
MDPI and ACS Style

Granado-Casas, M.; Ramírez-Morros, A.; Martín, M.; Real, J.; Alonso, N.; Valldeperas, X.; Traveset, A.; Rubinat, E.; Alcubierre, N.; Hernández, M.; Puig-Domingo, M.; Lecube, A.; Castelblanco, E.; Mauricio, D. Type 1 Diabetic Subjects with Diabetic Retinopathy Show an Unfavorable Pattern of Fat Intake. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1184. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091184

AMA Style

Granado-Casas M, Ramírez-Morros A, Martín M, Real J, Alonso N, Valldeperas X, Traveset A, Rubinat E, Alcubierre N, Hernández M, Puig-Domingo M, Lecube A, Castelblanco E, Mauricio D. Type 1 Diabetic Subjects with Diabetic Retinopathy Show an Unfavorable Pattern of Fat Intake. Nutrients. 2018; 10(9):1184. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091184

Chicago/Turabian Style

Granado-Casas, Minerva, Anna Ramírez-Morros, Mariona Martín, Jordi Real, Núria Alonso, Xavier Valldeperas, Alicia Traveset, Esther Rubinat, Nuria Alcubierre, Marta Hernández, Manel Puig-Domingo, Albert Lecube, Esmeralda Castelblanco, and Didac Mauricio. 2018. "Type 1 Diabetic Subjects with Diabetic Retinopathy Show an Unfavorable Pattern of Fat Intake" Nutrients 10, no. 9: 1184. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091184

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop