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Open AccessArticle

Dietary Patterns and Poor Semen Quality Risk in Men: A Cross-Sectional Study

Department of Human Nutrition, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, ul. Słoneczna 45F, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland
Center of Gynecology, Endocrinology and Reproductive Medicine Artemida in Olsztyn, Jagiellońska 78, 10-229 Olsztyn, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(9), 1162;
Received: 4 July 2018 / Revised: 17 August 2018 / Accepted: 23 August 2018 / Published: 24 August 2018
The etiology of diminished sperm quality in about 30% of male infertility cases generally remains unexplained. Some studies have suggested that specific nutritional factors can affect semen quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate an association between dietary patterns (DPs) and the risk of abnormal semen quality parameters in men. This cross-sectional study was carried out in 114 men aged 20–55 years from Poland. Semen parameters were assessed via computer-aided semen. Diet was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). DPs were derived using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Two DPs were derived: Pro-healthy and Western. After adjusting for potential confounders, the risk of abnormal progressive motility was significantly higher in the middle (OR: 2.89, 95% CI: 1.03–8.09) and upper (OR: 7.78, 95% CI: 1.52–15.06) tertiles of the Western DP. A trend for increased risk of the abnormal total count, progressive motility, and morphology (P-trend < 0.050) was found in Western DP. To conclude, the Western DP may increase the risk of abnormal semen parameters, whereas no association was found in the case of Pro-healthy DP. These findings stand in contrast to an increasing number of research findings indicating a positive relation between intake of healthy foods or diet and semen quality parameters. The results highlight the need to study whether modifications in diet and lifestyle factors improve semen quality. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary patterns; western diet; sperm quality; male fertility; BMI dietary patterns; western diet; sperm quality; male fertility; BMI
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Danielewicz, A.; Przybyłowicz, K.E.; Przybyłowicz, M. Dietary Patterns and Poor Semen Quality Risk in Men: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1162.

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