Next Article in Journal
Dietary Inflammatory Index and Biomarkers of Lipoprotein Metabolism, Inflammation and Glucose Homeostasis in Adults
Next Article in Special Issue
Dietary Intake and Beliefs of Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes in Cape Town, South Africa
Previous Article in Journal
Dietary Carotenoids Intake and the Risk of Gastric Cancer: A Case—Control Study in Korea
Previous Article in Special Issue
Maternal Lipid Concentrations during Early Pregnancy and Eating Behaviour and Energy Intake in the Offspring
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 1032; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081032

Dietary Change during Pregnancy and Women’s Reasons for Change

1
Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd., Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
2
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, 116 St. and 85 Ave., Edmonton, AB T6G 2R3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 July 2018 / Revised: 23 July 2018 / Accepted: 24 July 2018 / Published: 8 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrient Requirements and Dietary Intakes of Women during Pregnancy)
Full-Text   |   PDF [233 KB, uploaded 8 August 2018]

Abstract

Women often make dietary changes during pregnancy; however, dietary modifications and reasons for changes are not well studied. We aimed to describe the dietary changes made during pregnancy, describe reasons for dietary changes, and determine what changes aligned with recommendations. Pregnant women (n = 379) recruited to the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study in 2009/2010 completed a questionnaire in which they described dietary changes made during pregnancy and reasons for those changes. Changes and reasons were coded into categories. Women commonly reported increasing their intake of milk products, fruit, and sweet items and commonly decreased or eliminated intake of caffeine, alcohol, and meats. Women frequently reduced intake of foods for the baby’s health and increased foods to satisfy cravings. Changes made commonly aligned with recommendations for caffeine, alcohol intake, food safety, milk and alternatives, and fruit. Changes contrary to recommendations were common for fish and meats. The dietary changes women make during pregnancy appear to reflect women’s efforts to balance physiological changes accompanying pregnancy with the desire for healthy pregnancy outcomes. Understanding the reasons behind dietary change during pregnancy will help researchers and health professionals design effective strategies and public health messages to promote healthier pregnancies. View Full-Text
Keywords: pregnancy; nutrition; diet; female; food habits pregnancy; nutrition; diet; female; food habits
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Forbes, L.E.; Graham, J.E.; Berglund, C.; Bell, R.C. Dietary Change during Pregnancy and Women’s Reasons for Change. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1032.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top