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Dietary Change during Pregnancy and Women’s Reasons for Change

Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Rd., Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, 116 St. and 85 Ave., Edmonton, AB T6G 2R3, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 1032;
Received: 3 July 2018 / Revised: 23 July 2018 / Accepted: 24 July 2018 / Published: 8 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrient Requirements and Dietary Intakes of Women during Pregnancy)
Women often make dietary changes during pregnancy; however, dietary modifications and reasons for changes are not well studied. We aimed to describe the dietary changes made during pregnancy, describe reasons for dietary changes, and determine what changes aligned with recommendations. Pregnant women (n = 379) recruited to the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) study in 2009/2010 completed a questionnaire in which they described dietary changes made during pregnancy and reasons for those changes. Changes and reasons were coded into categories. Women commonly reported increasing their intake of milk products, fruit, and sweet items and commonly decreased or eliminated intake of caffeine, alcohol, and meats. Women frequently reduced intake of foods for the baby’s health and increased foods to satisfy cravings. Changes made commonly aligned with recommendations for caffeine, alcohol intake, food safety, milk and alternatives, and fruit. Changes contrary to recommendations were common for fish and meats. The dietary changes women make during pregnancy appear to reflect women’s efforts to balance physiological changes accompanying pregnancy with the desire for healthy pregnancy outcomes. Understanding the reasons behind dietary change during pregnancy will help researchers and health professionals design effective strategies and public health messages to promote healthier pregnancies. View Full-Text
Keywords: pregnancy; nutrition; diet; female; food habits pregnancy; nutrition; diet; female; food habits
MDPI and ACS Style

Forbes, L.E.; Graham, J.E.; Berglund, C.; Bell, R.C. Dietary Change during Pregnancy and Women’s Reasons for Change. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1032.

AMA Style

Forbes LE, Graham JE, Berglund C, Bell RC. Dietary Change during Pregnancy and Women’s Reasons for Change. Nutrients. 2018; 10(8):1032.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Forbes, Laura E., Jocelyn E. Graham, Casey Berglund, and Rhonda C. Bell. 2018. "Dietary Change during Pregnancy and Women’s Reasons for Change" Nutrients 10, no. 8: 1032.

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