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Nutrients 2018, 10(4), 485; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10040485

Diet Quality and Nutrient Intake of Urban Overweight and Obese Primarily African American Older Adults with Osteoarthritis

1
Department of Medicine, 1747 W. Roosevelt Road, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
2
Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 W. Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
3
Honors College, University of Illinois at Chicago, 828 S. Halsted Street, Chicago, IL 60607, USA
4
Institute for Health Research and Policy, 1747 W. Roosevelt Road, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
5
Center for Research on Health and Aging, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W. Roosevelt Road, Chicago, IL 60608, USA
6
Department of Pediatrics, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1853 W. Polk Street, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
7
University of Illinois Cancer Center, University of Illinois at Chicago, 818 S. Wolcott Avenue, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
8
Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603 W. Taylor St, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2018 / Revised: 6 April 2018 / Accepted: 11 April 2018 / Published: 13 April 2018
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Abstract

Diet quality may be a unique target for preventing and managing obesity-related osteoarthritis (OA). Using the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010), this study examined the nutrient intake and diet quality of 400 urban overweight and obese primarily African American older adults with self-reported lower extremity OA. Associations between sociodemographic and health-related factors and diet quality were explored. Participants (mean age 67.8 years, SD 5.9) were included. Habitual dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Nutrient intake and diet quality were calculated from the FFQ. Results indicated that diet quality needs improvement (HEI-2010: 66.3 (SD 10.5)). Age, body mass index, employment (multivariable model only), and OA severity (bivariate model only) were significant predictors of HEI-2010 total score in linear models. Mean intakes for fiber, calcium, and vitamin D were below recommendations, while percentage of calories as total fat exceeded recommendations. These findings can inform future dietary intervention trials and public health messaging for a sub-population at a high risk for obesity-related OA. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet quality; nutrient intake; African Americans; older adults; osteoarthritis diet quality; nutrient intake; African Americans; older adults; osteoarthritis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Vergis, S.; Schiffer, L.; White, T.; McLeod, A.; Khudeira, N.; Demott, A.; Fitzgibbon, M.; Hughes, S.; Tussing-Humphreys, L. Diet Quality and Nutrient Intake of Urban Overweight and Obese Primarily African American Older Adults with Osteoarthritis. Nutrients 2018, 10, 485.

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