Next Article in Journal
Erratum: Long-Term Dexamethasone Exposure Down-Regulates Hepatic TFR1 and Reduces Liver Iron Concentration in Rats; Nutrients 2017, 9, 617
Previous Article in Journal
A Mediterranean Diet Model in Australia: Strategies for Translating the Traditional Mediterranean Diet into a Multicultural Setting
Open AccessArticle

Many Infants and Young Children Are Not Compliant with Mexican and International Complementary Feeding Recommendations for Milk and Other Beverages

1
Institute of Nutritional Science, Nestlé Research Center, Route du Jorat 57, 1000 Lausanne, Switzerland
2
Hospital Infantil de Mexico, Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Mexico City and Nestlé Infant Nutrition, Av. Ejercito Nacional 453, Delegacion Miguel Hidalgo, Col. Granada, Mexico City 11520, Mexico
3
Nestlé Nutrition Global R&D, 12 Vreeland Road, Florham Park, NJ 07932, USA
4
Consumer Science and Applied Nutrition, Institute of Material Science, Nestlé Research Center, Route du Jorat 57, 1000 Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(4), 466; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10040466
Received: 27 February 2018 / Revised: 29 March 2018 / Accepted: 5 April 2018 / Published: 10 April 2018
  |  
PDF [1335 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]
  |  

Abstract

Mexican and international authorities provide guidelines for milk and beverage consumption for young children. This study classifies beverages as appropriate or inappropriate by age (0–5.9, 6–11.9, and 12–23.9 months) and details consumption patterns, amounts consumed, and the associated socio-demographic characteristics. Analysis of the Mexican National Nutrition and Health Survey (ENSANUT 2012) was conducted (n = 949). Among 0–5.9 month olds, 66.7% consumed either breast milk, infant formula, or a combination with no other beverages, whereas 29.3% consumed breast milk and/or infant formula with water (mean = 58 g/day) and/or other beverages (mean = 115 g/day), such as 100% fruit juice, milk, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). For infants 6–11.9 months, appropriate beverages include breast milk, infant formula, and water; only 40.2% met these recommendations. Many 6–11.9 month olds consumed age-inappropriate beverages, including milk (31%) and SSBs (35%). After 12 months of age, appropriate beverages include water, milk, and a limited amount of 100% fruit juice and SSBs; 32.4% complied fully, 18.3% consumed appropriate and inappropriate beverages, and 49.3% consumed only inappropriate beverages. Among 12–23.9 month olds, 58% consumed milk, 18% juice, and 42% water while 63% consumed SSBs. Many infants and young children are not compliant with Mexican and international breastfeeding and complementary feeding guidelines for beverages. Communication and guidance about age-appropriate beverages should be improved. View Full-Text
Keywords: ENSANUT 2012; infant diet; young child diet; milk intake; beverages intake ENSANUT 2012; infant diet; young child diet; milk intake; beverages intake
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Afeiche, M.C.; Villalpando-Carrión, S.; Reidy, K.C.; Fries, L.R.; Eldridge, A.L. Many Infants and Young Children Are Not Compliant with Mexican and International Complementary Feeding Recommendations for Milk and Other Beverages. Nutrients 2018, 10, 466.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top