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Nutrients 2018, 10(3), 357; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10030357

Low-/No-Calorie Sweeteners: A Review of Global Intakes

1
Intertek Scientific & Regulatory Consultancy, Farnborough, GU14 0 LX, UK
2
Intertek Scientific & Regulatory Consultancy, Mississauga, ON L5N 2X7, Canada
3
Intertek Scientific & Regulatory Consultancy, Beijing 100015, China
4
Intertek Scientific & Regulatory Consultancy, Tokyo 103-0012, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 January 2018 / Revised: 8 March 2018 / Accepted: 13 March 2018 / Published: 15 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-Nutritive Sweeteners: A Global Perspective)
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Abstract

The current review examined published data on the intake of all major low-/no-calorie sweeteners—aspartame, acesulfame-K, saccharin, sucralose, cyclamate, thaumatin and steviol glycosides—globally over the last decade. The most detailed and complex exposure assessments were conducted in Europe, following a standardized approach. Japan and Korea similarly had up-to-date and regular intake data available. The data for other Asian countries, Latin America, Australia/New Zealand and global estimates, evaluated by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), while available, were shown to be more limited in terms of design. Overall, the studies conducted since 2008 raised no concerns with respect to exceedance of individual sweetener acceptable daily intake (ADIs) among the general population globally. The data identified do not suggest a shift in exposure over time, with several studies indicating a reduction in intake. However, some data suggest there may have been an increase in the numbers of consumers of low-/no-calorie-sweetened products. Future research should consider a more standardized approach to allow the monitoring of potential changes in exposure based upon events such as sugar reduction recommendations, to ensure there is no shift in intake, particularly for high-risk individuals, including diabetics and children with specific dietary requirements, and to ensure risk management decisions are based on quality intake analyses. View Full-Text
Keywords: sweeteners; exposure; consumption; presence; high consumers; diabetics; children sweeteners; exposure; consumption; presence; high consumers; diabetics; children
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Martyn, D.; Darch, M.; Roberts, A.; Lee, H.Y.; Yaqiong Tian, T.; Kaburagi, N.; Belmar, P. Low-/No-Calorie Sweeteners: A Review of Global Intakes. Nutrients 2018, 10, 357.

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