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Open AccessArticle

Imbalanced Nutrient Intake in Cancer Survivors from the Examination from the Nationwide Health Examination Center-Based Cohort

National Cancer Center Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, 323 Ilsan-ro, Ilsandong-gu, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do 10408, Korea
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Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 212; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020212
Received: 3 January 2018 / Revised: 4 February 2018 / Accepted: 6 February 2018 / Published: 14 February 2018
This study was conducted to examine the nutrient intake status of cancer survivors. A total of 5224 cancer survivors, 19,926 non-cancer individuals without comorbidities (non-cancer I), and 20,622 non-cancer individuals with comorbidities, matched by age, gender, and recruitment center location were included in the analysis. Generally, the proportion of total energy from carbohydrates was higher and the proportion from fat was lower in cancer survivors. The odds ratios (ORs) for total energy (OR = 0.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.86–0.99), proportion of total energy from fat (OR = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.35–0.83), and protein (OR = 0.85, 95% CI = 0.79–0.90) were significantly lower, and the OR for the proportion of total energy from carbohydrates was higher (OR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.10–1.33) in the cancer survivors than in non-cancer I. Additionally, the cancer survivors’ protein, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, niacin, and phosphorus intakes were lower, whereas their vitamin C intake was higher. When divided by cancer type, the ORs for the carbohydrate percentages were significantly higher in the colon and breast cancer survivors, whereas protein intake was lower in gastric, breast, and cervical cancer survivors. The nutrient intake patterns in Asian cancer survivors are poor, with higher carbohydrate and lower fat and protein intakes. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer survivors; nutrient intake; high proportion of energy from carbohydrates; undernutrition cancer survivors; nutrient intake; high proportion of energy from carbohydrates; undernutrition
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Park, B.; Lee, J.; Kim, J. Imbalanced Nutrient Intake in Cancer Survivors from the Examination from the Nationwide Health Examination Center-Based Cohort. Nutrients 2018, 10, 212.

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