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Total and Free Sugar Content of Pre-Packaged Foods and Non-Alcoholic Beverages in Slovenia

Nutrition Institute, Tržaška cesta 40, Ljubljana SI-1000, Slovenia
VIST—Higher School of Applied Sciences, Gerbičeva cesta 51a, Ljubljana SI-1000, Slovenia
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University Children’s Hospital, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 151;
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 17 January 2018 / Accepted: 26 January 2018 / Published: 30 January 2018
PDF [1317 KB, uploaded 2 February 2018]


Scientific evidence of the association between free sugar consumption and several adverse health effects has led many public health institutions to take measures to limit the intake of added or free sugar. Monitoring the efficiency of such policies and the amount of free sugar consumed requires precise knowledge of free sugar content in different food products. To meet this need, our cross-sectional study aimed at assessing free sugar content for 10,674 pre-packaged food items available from major Slovenian food stores during data collection in 2015. Together, 52.6% of all analyzed products contained free sugar, which accounted for an average of 57.5% of the total sugar content. Food categories with the highest median free sugar content were: honey and syrups (78.0 g/100 g), jellies (62.9 g/100 g), chocolate and sweets (44.6 g/100 g), jam and spreads (35.9 g/100 g), and cereal bars (23.8 g/100 g). Using year-round sales data provided by the retailers, the data showed that chocolate, sweets, and soft drinks alone accounted for more than 50% of all free sugar sold on the Slovenian market. The results of this study can be used to prepare more targeted interventions and efficient dietary recommendations. View Full-Text
Keywords: free sugar; sugars; food composition; sales data; nutrition label; Slovenia free sugar; sugars; food composition; sales data; nutrition label; Slovenia

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zupanič, N.; Miklavec, K.; Kušar, A.; Žmitek, K.; Fidler Mis, N.; Pravst, I. Total and Free Sugar Content of Pre-Packaged Foods and Non-Alcoholic Beverages in Slovenia. Nutrients 2018, 10, 151.

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