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Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 152; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020152

Database Analysis of Depression and Anxiety in a Community Sample—Response to a Micronutrient Intervention

1
Pure North S’Energy Foundation, Calgary, AB T2R 0C5, Canada
2
Department of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, St. Mary’s University, Calgary, AB T2X 1Z4, Canada
3
Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2017 / Revised: 11 January 2018 / Accepted: 26 January 2018 / Published: 30 January 2018
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Abstract

Background: Depression and anxiety are common mental health concerns worldwide. Broad-spectrum multi-vitamin/mineral approaches have been found to alleviate a number of psychiatric symptoms. We investigated the effects of a nutrient intervention program, which includes optimizing vitamin D levels, on depression and anxiety outcomes from community-based program. Methods: We evaluated self-reported health measures of depression and anxiety collected as part of a community-based program focused on optimizing overall health through nutritional supplementation, education and lifestyle advice. Results: Data were collected from 16,020 participants, with measures including European Quality of Life Five Dimensions (EQ-5D) and Targeted Symptoms List (TSL) providing self-reported depression and anxiety. More than 56% of participants were identified as having elevated levels of depression and anxiety at baseline as reported on the EQ-5D. After one year in the program, 49.2% (n = 7878) of participants who reported any level of depression or anxiety at baseline reported improvement at follow-up. Of those who reported severe/extreme depression at baseline (n = 829), 97.2% reported improvement after one year. Regression analyses revealed a significant association of improvement in depression and anxiety with higher vitamin D status (>100 nmol/L) and more strenuous physical activity. Conclusion: Overall, people from the general population who suffer from mood and anxiety problems may benefit from improved nutritional status achieved with nutritional supplements. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; anxiety; vitamin D; nutritional supplements; multivitamin/multimineral; mental health depression; anxiety; vitamin D; nutritional supplements; multivitamin/multimineral; mental health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Kimball, S.M.; Mirhosseini, N.; Rucklidge, J. Database Analysis of Depression and Anxiety in a Community Sample—Response to a Micronutrient Intervention. Nutrients 2018, 10, 152.

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