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Article

Database Analysis of Depression and Anxiety in a Community Sample—Response to a Micronutrient Intervention

1
Pure North S’Energy Foundation, Calgary, AB T2R 0C5, Canada
2
Department of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, St. Mary’s University, Calgary, AB T2X 1Z4, Canada
3
Department of Psychology, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 152; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020152
Received: 5 December 2017 / Revised: 11 January 2018 / Accepted: 26 January 2018 / Published: 30 January 2018
Background: Depression and anxiety are common mental health concerns worldwide. Broad-spectrum multi-vitamin/mineral approaches have been found to alleviate a number of psychiatric symptoms. We investigated the effects of a nutrient intervention program, which includes optimizing vitamin D levels, on depression and anxiety outcomes from community-based program. Methods: We evaluated self-reported health measures of depression and anxiety collected as part of a community-based program focused on optimizing overall health through nutritional supplementation, education and lifestyle advice. Results: Data were collected from 16,020 participants, with measures including European Quality of Life Five Dimensions (EQ-5D) and Targeted Symptoms List (TSL) providing self-reported depression and anxiety. More than 56% of participants were identified as having elevated levels of depression and anxiety at baseline as reported on the EQ-5D. After one year in the program, 49.2% (n = 7878) of participants who reported any level of depression or anxiety at baseline reported improvement at follow-up. Of those who reported severe/extreme depression at baseline (n = 829), 97.2% reported improvement after one year. Regression analyses revealed a significant association of improvement in depression and anxiety with higher vitamin D status (>100 nmol/L) and more strenuous physical activity. Conclusion: Overall, people from the general population who suffer from mood and anxiety problems may benefit from improved nutritional status achieved with nutritional supplements. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; anxiety; vitamin D; nutritional supplements; multivitamin/multimineral; mental health depression; anxiety; vitamin D; nutritional supplements; multivitamin/multimineral; mental health
MDPI and ACS Style

Kimball, S.M.; Mirhosseini, N.; Rucklidge, J. Database Analysis of Depression and Anxiety in a Community Sample—Response to a Micronutrient Intervention. Nutrients 2018, 10, 152. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020152

AMA Style

Kimball SM, Mirhosseini N, Rucklidge J. Database Analysis of Depression and Anxiety in a Community Sample—Response to a Micronutrient Intervention. Nutrients. 2018; 10(2):152. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020152

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kimball, Samantha M., Naghmeh Mirhosseini, and Julia Rucklidge. 2018. "Database Analysis of Depression and Anxiety in a Community Sample—Response to a Micronutrient Intervention" Nutrients 10, no. 2: 152. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020152

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