Next Article in Journal
Large Variations in Declared Serving Sizes of Packaged Foods in Australia: A Need for Serving Size Standardisation?
Next Article in Special Issue
Exploring the Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Its Relationship with Individual Lifestyle: The Role of Healthy Behaviors, Pro-Environmental Behaviors, Income, and Education
Previous Article in Journal
Evidence for Dietary Fibre Modification in the Recovery and Prevention of Reoccurrence of Acute, Uncomplicated Diverticulitis: A Systematic Literature Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Inflammatory Markers
Article

Validation of the English Version of the 14-Item Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener of the PREDIMED Study, in People at High Cardiovascular Risk in the UK

1
Centre for Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences, School for Policy Studies, University of Bristol, 8 Priory Road, Bristol BS8 1TZ, UK
2
NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Centre (Nutrition Theme), University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust and University of Bristol, Lower Maudlin Street, BristolBS1 2LY, UK
3
Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra, C/Irunlarrea 1, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
4
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, C/Irunlarrea 1, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
5
Department of Nutrition, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
6
Centre for Academic Primary Care, Bristol Medical School, Population Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, BristolBS8 2PS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(2), 138; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020138
Received: 27 November 2017 / Revised: 16 January 2018 / Accepted: 25 January 2018 / Published: 28 January 2018
The aim of this study was to examine the validity of the English version of the PREvencion con DIetaMEDiterranea (PREDIMED) 14-item Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS), a brief questionnaire assessing adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), which was used in the PREDIMED trial for assessment and immediate feedback. This instrument (MEDAS) was administered to 96 adults with a high cardiovascular risk (66% women, mean age 68.3 ± 6.0 years), recruited from general practices in Bristol, UK. Participants then completed a 3-day estimated food record, and the MEDAS was administered again one month later. A MedDiet score (range = 0–14) was calculated from the MEDAS’ administrations and food record to assess concurrent validity and test-retest reliability. Predictive validity was assessed by examining the association of the MEDAS-derived score with cardiometabolic risk factors and dietary intakes derived from the food records. The MEDAS-derived MedDiet score was higher by 1.47 points compared to food records (5.47 vs.4.00, p < 0.001), correlated moderately with the record-derived score (r = 0.50, p < 0.001; ICC = 0.53, p < 0.001) and there was borderline fair agreement between the two methods (κ = 0.19, 95% CI 0.07–0.31, p = 0.002; 95% limits of agreement −2.2, 5.1). Exact agreement within score categories and gross misclassificationwere 45.8% and 21.9%, respectively. The distribution of dietary intakes, reported on the food records by the MEDAS-derived total MedDiet score, was in the expected direction, but no association was observed with cardiometabolic risk factors. The two administrations of the MEDAS produced similar mean total MedDiet scores (5.5 vs. 5.4, p = 0.706), which were correlated (r and ICC = 0.69, p < 0.001) and agreed fairly (κ = 0.38, 95% CI 0.24–0.52, p < 0.001; 95% limits of agreement −3.1, 3.2). The English version of the MEDAS has acceptable accuracy and reliability for assessing MedDiet adherence among individuals with a high cardiovascular risk, in the UK, and can be used to rank individuals according to MedDiet adherence in research and practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean diet; Mediterranean diet score; cardiovascular risk; validity; accuracy; reliability Mediterranean diet; Mediterranean diet score; cardiovascular risk; validity; accuracy; reliability
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Papadaki, A.; Johnson, L.; Toumpakari, Z.; England, C.; Rai, M.; Toms, S.; Penfold, C.; Zazpe, I.; Martínez-González, M.A.; Feder, G. Validation of the English Version of the 14-Item Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener of the PREDIMED Study, in People at High Cardiovascular Risk in the UK. Nutrients 2018, 10, 138. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020138

AMA Style

Papadaki A, Johnson L, Toumpakari Z, England C, Rai M, Toms S, Penfold C, Zazpe I, Martínez-González MA, Feder G. Validation of the English Version of the 14-Item Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener of the PREDIMED Study, in People at High Cardiovascular Risk in the UK. Nutrients. 2018; 10(2):138. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020138

Chicago/Turabian Style

Papadaki, Angeliki, Laura Johnson, Zoi Toumpakari, Clare England, Manmita Rai, Stu Toms, Chris Penfold, Itziar Zazpe, Miguel A. Martínez-González, and Gene Feder. 2018. "Validation of the English Version of the 14-Item Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener of the PREDIMED Study, in People at High Cardiovascular Risk in the UK" Nutrients 10, no. 2: 138. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020138

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop