Next Article in Journal
Food Parenting Practices among Parents with Overweight and Obesity: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
The Dietary Intervention of Transgenic Low-Gliadin Wheat Bread in Patients with Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS) Showed No Differences with Gluten Free Diet (GFD) but Provides Better Gut Microbiota Profile
Open AccessArticle

Are Edentulousness, Oral Health Problems and Poor Health-Related Quality of Life Associated with Malnutrition in Community-Dwelling Elderly (Aged 75 Years and Over)? A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
2
Department of Health Sciences, Community and Occupational Medicine, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, 9700 RB Groningen, The Netherlands
3
Research Group Healthy Ageing, Allied Health Care and Nursing, Hanze University of Applied Sciences, 9714 CA Groningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(12), 1965; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121965
Received: 9 November 2018 / Revised: 3 December 2018 / Accepted: 10 December 2018 / Published: 12 December 2018
As the population ages, the risk of becoming malnourished increases. Research has shown that poor oral health can be a risk factor for malnutrition in institutionalized elderly. However, it remains unclear whether oral health problems, edentulousness and health-related quality of life also pose a risk for malnutrition in community-dwelling older adults. In this cross-sectional observational study, 1325 community-living elderly (≥75 years) were asked to complete questionnaires regarding nutritional status, oral status (edentulous, remaining teeth, or implant-supported overdentures), oral health problems, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), frailty, activities of daily living (ADL) and complexity of care needs. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed with nutritional status as dependent variable. Of the respondents, 51% (n = 521) were edentulous, 38.8% (n = 397) had remaining teeth and 10.2% (n = 104) had an implant-supported overdenture. Elderly with complex care needs were malnourished most frequently, followed by frail and robust elderly (10%, 4.5% and 2.9%, respectively). Malnourished elderly reported more frequent problems with chewing and speech when compared with well-nourished elderly (univariate analysis). However, multivariate analysis did not show an association between malnutrition and oral health problems and edentulousness, although HRQoL was associated with malnutrition (odds ratio (OR) 0.972, confidence interval (CI) 0.951–0.955). Based on the results of this cross-sectional study, it can be concluded that poor HRQoL is significantly associated with malnutrition; however, edentulousness and oral health problems are not. View Full-Text
Keywords: community-dwelling; older adults; oral health; edentulousness; complete denture; malnutrition; health-related quality of life (HRQoL) community-dwelling; older adults; oral health; edentulousness; complete denture; malnutrition; health-related quality of life (HRQoL)
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bakker, M.H.; Vissink, A.; Spoorenberg, S.L.; Jager-Wittenaar, H.; Wynia, K.; Visser, A. Are Edentulousness, Oral Health Problems and Poor Health-Related Quality of Life Associated with Malnutrition in Community-Dwelling Elderly (Aged 75 Years and Over)? A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1965.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop