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Nutrients 2018, 10(12), 1943; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121943

In Vitro and In Vivo Functional Characterization of Essence of Chicken as An Ergogenic Aid

1
Graduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sports University, Taoyuan City 33301, Taiwan
2
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City 23561, Taiwan
3
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei City 11031, Taiwan
4
Department Scientific Research and Applications, BRAND’S Suntory, Singapore 048423, Singapore.
5
Graduate Institute of Metabolism and Obesity Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei City 11031, Taiwan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 November 2018 / Revised: 21 November 2018 / Accepted: 5 December 2018 / Published: 7 December 2018
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Abstract

Essence of chicken is a popular Asian nutritional supplement that is often taken to improve metabolism and general health. Although used as a traditional remedy for combating fatigue and general health, there has been few studies investigating the ergogenic properties of chicken essence and its associated mechanism. We conducted a study to investigate the anti-fatigue and anti-oxidant properties of essence of chicken (EC) after exercise. Six weeks old male Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice were divided to four groups (10 mice/group) and were provided different doses of Essence of Chicken (EC): (1) Vehicle (water), (2) EC-0.5X (558 mg/kg), (3) EC-1X (1117 mg/kg), and (4) EC-2X (2234 mg/kg). EC supplementation could improve endurance and grip strength (p < 0.0001) and it had significant effects on the fatigue-related biochemical markers: ammonia, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatine kinase (CK) levels were significantly lowered, while glucose blood levels and lactate clearance were improved after exercise challenge. Muscle and liver glycogen levels, muscle and liver superoxide dismutase (SOD), hepatic catalase (CAT), and glutathione (GSH) levels were observed to increase with EC supplementation. Preliminary in vitro data suggests that EC may have a beneficial effect in muscle mass and strength. No abnormalities were observed from pathohistological examination. Our study suggests that the EC could significantly improve exercise performance and endurance capacity and that the anti-oxidant properties of EC may be an important contributing factor to its anti-fatigue effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: C2C12; anti-fatigue; anti-oxidant; exercise performance; endurance C2C12; anti-fatigue; anti-oxidant; exercise performance; endurance
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Huang, S.-W.; Hsu, Y.-J.; Lee, M.-C.; Li, H.-S.; Yeo, P.C.W.; Lim, A.L.; Huang, C.-C. In Vitro and In Vivo Functional Characterization of Essence of Chicken as An Ergogenic Aid. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1943.

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