Isoamericanoic Acid B from Acer tegmentosum as a Potential Phytoestrogen
AbstractPhytoestrogens derived from plants have attracted the attention of the general public and the medical community due to their potentially beneficial role in relieving menopausal symptoms. The deciduous tree Acer tegmentosum Maxim (Aceraceae) has long been utilized in Korean folk medicine to alleviate many physiological disorders, including abscesses, surgical bleeding, and liver diseases. In order to explore structurally and/or biologically new constituents from Korean medicinal plants, a comprehensive phytochemical study was carried out on the bark of A. tegmentosum. One new phenolic compound with a 1,4-benzodioxane scaffold, isoamericanoic acid B (1), as well as with nine known phenolic compounds (2–10), were successfully isolated from the aqueous extracts of the bark of A. tegmentosum. A detailed analysis using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectral data, and LC/MS afforded the unambiguous structural determination of all isolated compounds, including the new compound 1. In addition, compounds 2, 4, 5, and 9 were isolated and identified from the bark of A. tegmentosum for the first time. All isolated compounds were tested for their estrogenic activities using an MCF-7 BUS cell proliferation assay, which revealed that compounds 1, 2, and 10 showed moderate estrogenic activity. To study the mechanism of this estrogenic effect, a docking simulation of compound 1, which showed the best estrogenic activity, was conducted with estrogen receptor (ER) -α and ER-β, which revealed that it interacts with the key residues of ER-α and ER-β. In addition, compound 1 had slightly higher affinity for ER-β than ER-α in the calculated Gibbs free energy for 1:ER-α and 1:ER-β. Thus, the present experimental evidence demonstrated that active compound 1 from A. tegmentosum could be a promising phytoestrogen for the development of natural estrogen supplements. View Full-Text
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Lee, S.R.; Park, Y.J.; Han, Y.B.; Lee, J.C.; Lee, S.; Park, H.-J.; Lee, H.-J.; Kim, K.H. Isoamericanoic Acid B from Acer tegmentosum as a Potential Phytoestrogen. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1915.
Lee SR, Park YJ, Han YB, Lee JC, Lee S, Park H-J, Lee H-J, Kim KH. Isoamericanoic Acid B from Acer tegmentosum as a Potential Phytoestrogen. Nutrients. 2018; 10(12):1915.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lee, Seoung R.; Park, Yong J.; Han, Yu B.; Lee, Joo C.; Lee, Seulah; Park, Hyun-Ju; Lee, Hae-Jeung; Kim, Ki H. 2018. "Isoamericanoic Acid B from Acer tegmentosum as a Potential Phytoestrogen." Nutrients 10, no. 12: 1915.
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