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Nutrients 2018, 10(12), 1891; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121891

The Healing-Promoting Properties of Selected Cyclitols—A Review

1
Department of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Clinical Immunology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-229 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Plant Physiology, Genetics and Biotechnology, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-229 Olsztyn, Poland
3
Department of Environmental Chemistry and Bioanalytics, Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 87-100 Torun, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 October 2018 / Revised: 19 November 2018 / Accepted: 29 November 2018 / Published: 3 December 2018
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Abstract

Introduction: Myo-inositol and its derivatives cyclitols play an important role in the processes of cell regulation, signal transduction, osmoregulation, and ion channel physiology, and are a component of the cell membrane. Free cyclitols present in food or released during the degradation of galactosyl cyclitols by bacteria (in digestive tract) show some physiological benefits. Aim: The aim of this paper is to present and analyze the documented data about curative and healing properties of cyclitols. Results and discussion: Cyclitols are well known compounds in the treatment of an accompanied diabetes insulin resistance, and also obesity and polycystic ovarian syndrome. d-chiro-Inositol deficiency exacerbates insulin resistance in the liver, muscles, and fat, while depletion of myo-inositol results in the development of diabetic complications. Cyclitols are successfully applied in treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome, simultaneous are observed effective reducing of BMI, improving the hormonal profile, and increasing fertility. Moreover, cyclitols have anti-atherogenic, anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties. Conclusion: The properties of cyclitols may be a good therapeutic option in the reduction of metabolically induced inflammation. Due to well drugs tolerance and low toxicity of these compounds, cyclitols are recommend for pregnant women and also for children. Another advantage is their widespread presence and easy availability, which encourages their use in medicine. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyclitols; d-chiro-inositol; myo-inositol; d-pinitol; insulin resistance; diabetes; polycystic ovarian syndrome cyclitols; d-chiro-inositol; myo-inositol; d-pinitol; insulin resistance; diabetes; polycystic ovarian syndrome
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Owczarczyk-Saczonek, A.; Lahuta, L.B.; Ligor, M.; Placek, W.; Górecki, R.J.; Buszewski, B. The Healing-Promoting Properties of Selected Cyclitols—A Review. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1891.

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