Next Article in Journal
Molecular Fingerprints of Iron Parameters among a Population-Based Sample
Next Article in Special Issue
Socio-Demographic Factors and Body Image Perception Are Associated with BMI-For-Age among Children Living in Welfare Homes in Selangor, Malaysia
Previous Article in Journal
Milk Other Than Breast Milk and the Development of Asthma in Children 3 Years of Age. A Birth Cohort Study (2006–2011)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Strategies to Address the Complex Challenge of Improving Regional and Remote Children’s Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
Article

Does Village Chicken-Keeping Contribute to Young Children’s Diets and Growth? A Longitudinal Observational Study in Rural Tanzania

1
Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, Kent ME4 4TB, UK
2
School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney NSW 2006, Australia
3
Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney NSW 2006, Australia
4
The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders, University of Sydney, Sydney NSW 2006, Australia
5
Department of Anthropology, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa
6
International Rural Poultry Centre, Kyeema Foundation, Brisbane QLD 4000, Australia
7
Tanzania Veterinary Laboratory Agency, Dar es Salaam 11000, Tanzania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(11), 1799; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111799
Received: 11 September 2018 / Revised: 7 November 2018 / Accepted: 16 November 2018 / Published: 19 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Vulnerable Groups)
There is substantial current interest in linkages between livestock-keeping and human nutrition in resource-poor settings. These may include benefits of improved diet quality, through animal-source food consumption and nutritious food purchases using livestock-derived income, and hazards of infectious disease or environmental enteric dysfunction associated with exposure to livestock feces. Particular concerns center on free-roaming chickens, given their proximity to children in rural settings, but findings to date have been inconclusive. This longitudinal study of 503 households with a child under 24 months at enrolment was conducted in villages of Manyoni District, Tanzania between May 2014, and May 2016. Questionnaires encompassed demographic characteristics, assets, livestock ownership, chicken housing practices, maternal education, water and sanitation, and dietary diversity. Twice-monthly household visits provided information on chicken numbers, breastfeeding and child diarrhea, and anthropometry was collected six-monthly. Multivariable mixed model analyses evaluated associations between demographic, socioeconomic and livestock-associated variables and (a) maternal and child diets, (b) children’s height-for-age and (c) children’s diarrhea frequency. Alongside modest contributions of chicken-keeping to some improved dietary outcomes, this study importantly (and of substantial practical significance if confirmed) found no indication of a heightened risk of stunting or greater frequency of diarrhea being associated with chicken-keeping or the practice of keeping chickens within human dwellings overnight. View Full-Text
Keywords: undernutrition; food security; nutrition security; village chickens; livestock; animal-source food; Tanzania; sub-Saharan Africa; resource-poor settings undernutrition; food security; nutrition security; village chickens; livestock; animal-source food; Tanzania; sub-Saharan Africa; resource-poor settings
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

De Bruyn, J.; Thomson, P.C.; Darnton-Hill, I.; Bagnol, B.; Maulaga, W.; Alders, R.G. Does Village Chicken-Keeping Contribute to Young Children’s Diets and Growth? A Longitudinal Observational Study in Rural Tanzania. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111799

AMA Style

De Bruyn J, Thomson PC, Darnton-Hill I, Bagnol B, Maulaga W, Alders RG. Does Village Chicken-Keeping Contribute to Young Children’s Diets and Growth? A Longitudinal Observational Study in Rural Tanzania. Nutrients. 2018; 10(11):1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111799

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Bruyn, Julia, Peter C. Thomson, Ian Darnton-Hill, Brigitte Bagnol, Wende Maulaga, and Robyn G. Alders 2018. "Does Village Chicken-Keeping Contribute to Young Children’s Diets and Growth? A Longitudinal Observational Study in Rural Tanzania" Nutrients 10, no. 11: 1799. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111799

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop