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Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1560; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101560

Multidomain Lifestyle Intervention Strategies for the Delay of Cognitive Impairment in Healthy Aging

1
Department of Applied Linguistics, University of Hradec Kralove, Rokitanskeho 62, 500 03 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
2
Department of Neurology, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Sokolska 581, 500 05 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 September 2018 / Revised: 10 October 2018 / Accepted: 19 October 2018 / Published: 21 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lifestyle Strategies in Cognitive Decline: Focus on Nutrition)
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Abstract

Present demographic changes demonstrate that the number of elderly people is growing at a frenetic pace. This shift in population consequently results in many social and economic problems, which burden the social and economic systems of countries. The aging process is associated with age-related diseases, the most common of which are dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, whose main symptom is a decline in cognitive function, especially memory loss. Unfortunately, it cannot be cured. Therefore, alternative approaches, which are cost-effective, safe, and easy to implement, are being sought in order to delay and prevent cognitive impairment. The purpose of this review was to explore the effect of multidomain lifestyle intervention strategies on the delay and/or prevention of cognitive impairment in healthy older individuals. The methods are based on a literature review of available sources found on the research topic in three acknowledged databases: Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed. The results of the identified original studies reveal that multidomain lifestyle interventions generate significant effects. In addition, these interventions seem feasible, cost-effective, and engaging. Thus, there is a call for the implementation of effective lifestyle prevention programs, which would involve goal-setting and would focus on the prevention of crucial risk factors threatening the target group of elderly people, who are at risk of cognitive decline and dementia. View Full-Text
Keywords: multidomain intervention; lifestyle strategies; elderly people; cognitive impairment; randomized clinical trials multidomain intervention; lifestyle strategies; elderly people; cognitive impairment; randomized clinical trials
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Toman, J.; Klímová, B.; Vališ, M. Multidomain Lifestyle Intervention Strategies for the Delay of Cognitive Impairment in Healthy Aging. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1560.

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