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Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1452; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101452

Dietary Intake of Vitamin D in the Czech Population: A Comparison with Dietary Reference Values, Main Food Sources Identified by a Total Diet Study

1
Centre for Health, Nutrition and Food, NIPH—National Institute of Public Health in Prague, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, 625 00 Brno, Czech Republic
3
Department of Milk Hygiene and Technology, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 August 2018 / Revised: 17 September 2018 / Accepted: 1 October 2018 / Published: 7 October 2018
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Abstract

The usual dietary intake of vitamin D was studied in 10 subgroups of the Czech population. Food consumption data was collected using repeated 24 h recall in a national cross-sectional survey (the Study of Individual Food Consumption, SISP04), and the vitamin D content in marketed foods was quantified within the national Total Diet Study (2014–2015). The Monte Carlo Risk Assessment computational model (version MCRA 8.2) was used to assess usual intake. The median vitamin D intakes for the Czech population (aged 4–90 years, both genders) were within a range of 2.5–5.1 μg/day. The highest median intake, excluding dietary supplements, was observed in men aged 18–64, and the lowest was observed in children aged 4–6 and girls aged 11–17. The main sources in the diet were hen eggs (21–28% of usual dietary intake), fine bakery wares (11–19%), cow’s milk and dairy products (7–23%), meat and meat products (4–12%), fish (6–20%), and margarines (7–18%). The dietary intake of vitamin D for more than 95% of the Czech population was below the recommended Dietary Reference Values (DRVs). These findings should encourage public health authorities to support interventions and education and implement new regulatory measures for improving intake. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin D; dietary intake; Czech population; micronutrient adequacy; dietary sources; total diet study vitamin D; dietary intake; Czech population; micronutrient adequacy; dietary sources; total diet study
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Bischofova, S.; Dofkova, M.; Blahova, J.; Kavrik, R.; Nevrla, J.; Rehurkova, I.; Ruprich, J. Dietary Intake of Vitamin D in the Czech Population: A Comparison with Dietary Reference Values, Main Food Sources Identified by a Total Diet Study. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1452.

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