Next Article in Journal
Food Addiction and Binge Eating: Lessons Learned from Animal Models
Previous Article in Journal
Factors Associated with Binge Eating Behavior among Malaysian Adolescents
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Sleeve Gastrectomy vs. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Eating Behavior and Sweet Taste Perception in Subjects with Obesity
Open AccessArticle

Nutritional Status of Bariatric Surgery Candidates

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Life Sciences, Kuwait University, Kuwait City 13034, Kuwait
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait City 13034, Kuwait
Computer Science Department, College of Computing Sciences and Engineering, Kuwait University, Kuwait City 13034, Kuwait
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(1), 67;
Received: 20 December 2017 / Revised: 4 January 2018 / Accepted: 8 January 2018 / Published: 11 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Bariatric Surgery)
Obesity is a global epidemic affecting populations globally. Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for morbid obesity, and has increased dramatically. Bariatric surgery candidates frequently have pre-existing nutritional deficiencies that might exacerbate post-surgery. To provide better health care management pre- and post-bariatric surgery, it is imperative to establish the nutritional status of prospective patients before surgery. The aim of this study was to assess and provide baseline data on the nutritional status of bariatric candidates. A retrospective study was conducted on obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery from 2008 to 2015. The medical records of 1538 patients were reviewed for this study. Pre-operatively, the most commonly observed vitamin deficiencies were Vitamin D (76%) and Vitamin B12 (16%). Anemia and iron status parameters were low in a considerable number of patients before surgery, as follows: hemoglobin 20%, mean corpuscular volume (MCV) 48%, ferritin 28%, serum iron 51%, and transferrin saturation 60%. Albumin and transferrin were found to be low in 10% and 9% of the patients, respectively, prior to surgery. In addition to deficiencies, a great number of patients had hypervitaminosis pre-operatively. Excess levels of Vitamin B6 (24%) was the most remarkable. The findings in this study advocate a close monitoring and tailored supplementation pre- and post-bariatric surgery. View Full-Text
Keywords: bariatric surgery; obesity; nutrients bariatric surgery; obesity; nutrients
MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Mutawa, A.; Anderson, A.K.; Alsabah, S.; Al-Mutawa, M. Nutritional Status of Bariatric Surgery Candidates. Nutrients 2018, 10, 67.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop