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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(8), 628;

Integrated Time and Phase Synchronization Strategy for a Multichannel Spaceborne-Stationary Bistatic SAR System

Department of Space Microwave Remote Sensing Systems, Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Bruce Chapman, Paul Siqueira, Zhong Lu and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 22 March 2016 / Revised: 17 July 2016 / Accepted: 22 July 2016 / Published: 29 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Calibration and Validation of Synthetic Aperture Radar)
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The spatial separation of the transmitter and receiver in Bistatic Synthetic Aperture Radar (BiSAR) makes it a promising and useful supplement to a classical Monostatic SAR system (MonoSAR). This paper proposes a novel integrated time and phase synchronization strategy for a multichannel spaceborne-stationary BiSAR system. Firstly, the time synchronization strategy is proposed, which includes Pulse Repetition Frequency (PRF) generation under noisy conditions, multichannel calibration and the alignment of the recorded data with the orbital data. Furthermore, the phase synchronization strategy, which fully considers the deteriorative factors in the BiSAR configuration, is well studied. The contribution of the phase synchronization strategy includes two aspects: it not only compensates the phase error, but also improves the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) of the obtained signals. Specifically, all direct signals on different PRF time can be reconstructed with the shift and phase compensation operation using a reference signal. Besides, since the parameters of the reference signal can be estimated only once using the selected practical direct signal and a priori information, the processing complexity is well reduced. Final imaging results with and without compensation for real data are presented to validate the proposed synchronization strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: bistatic SAR; time synchronization; phase synchronization; Back Projection Algorithm (BPA) bistatic SAR; time synchronization; phase synchronization; Back Projection Algorithm (BPA)

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Hong, F.; Wang, R.; Zhang, Z.; Lu, P.; Balz, T. Integrated Time and Phase Synchronization Strategy for a Multichannel Spaceborne-Stationary Bistatic SAR System. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 628.

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