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Building a Data Set over 12 Globally Distributed Sites to Support the Development of Agriculture Monitoring Applications with Sentinel-2

Earth and Life Institute, Université Catholique de Louvain, 2 Croix du Sud bte L7.05.16, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Centre d’Etudes Spatiales de la BIOsphère CESBIO, Université de Toulouse, CNES/CNRS/IRD/UPS, 18 Avenue Edouard Belin, 31401 Toulouse, France
CS Romania S.A., 29 Strada Pacii, 200692 Craiova, Romania
CS Systèmes d’Information, 5 rue Brindejonc des Moulinais, 31506 Toulouse, France
National Agriculture Information Center Directorate, Space Applications Research Complex, Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission, 44000 Islamabad, Pakistan
Maison de la télédétection (CIRAD-UMR TETIS), 500 rue J.-F. Breton, 34093 Montpellier, France
Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Olympic Village Science Park, West Beichen Road, Chaoyang, Beijing 100101, China
Instituto de Clima y Agua, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Repetto y de Los Reseros s/n, 1686 Hurlingham, Argentina
Faculté des Sciences Semlalia, Université Cadi Ayyad, BP 2390, 40000 Marrakech, Morocco
Laboratoire Mixte International TREMA, Centre Geber, Faculté des Sciences de Semlalia, 40000 Marrakech, Morocco
U.S. Arid Land Agricultural Research Center, ARS-USDA, Maricopa, AZ 85138, USA
Space Research Institute of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and State Space Agency of Ukraine, 40 prosp. Glushkov, build.4/1, 03680 Kyiv, Ukraine
Agricultural Research Council (South Africa), Private Bag X79, 0001 Pretoria, South Africa
V.V. Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute, PFUR, 119017 Moscow, Russia
European Space Research Institute, European Space Agency, Via Galileo Galilei, Casella Postale 64, 00044 Frascati (Rome), Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Olivier Arino, Sylvia Sylvander, Clement Atzberger and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Remote Sens. 2015, 7(12), 16062-16090;
Received: 31 May 2015 / Revised: 10 November 2015 / Accepted: 16 November 2015 / Published: 2 December 2015
Developing better agricultural monitoring capabilities based on Earth Observation data is critical for strengthening food production information and market transparency. The Sentinel-2 mission has the optimal capacity for regional to global agriculture monitoring in terms of resolution (10–20 meter), revisit frequency (five days) and coverage (global). In this context, the European Space Agency launched in 2014 the “Sentinel­2 for Agriculture” project, which aims to prepare the exploitation of Sentinel-2 data for agriculture monitoring through the development of open source processing chains for relevant products. The project generated an unprecedented data set, made of “Sentinel-2 like” time series and in situ data acquired in 2013 over 12 globally distributed sites. Earth Observation time series were mostly built on the SPOT4 (Take 5) data set, which was specifically designed to simulate Sentinel-2. They also included Landsat 8 and RapidEye imagery as complementary data sources. Images were pre-processed to Level 2A and the quality of the resulting time series was assessed. In situ data about cropland, crop type and biophysical variables were shared by site managers, most of them belonging to the “Joint Experiment for Crop Assessment and Monitoring” network. This data set allowed testing and comparing across sites the methodologies that will be at the core of the future “Sentinel­2 for Agriculture” system. View Full-Text
Keywords: agriculture monitoring; satellite time series; in situ data; Sentinel-2; SPOT4 (Take 5); Landsat 8; JECAM; GEOGLAM agriculture monitoring; satellite time series; in situ data; Sentinel-2; SPOT4 (Take 5); Landsat 8; JECAM; GEOGLAM
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Bontemps, S.; Arias, M.; Cara, C.; Dedieu, G.; Guzzonato, E.; Hagolle, O.; Inglada, J.; Matton, N.; Morin, D.; Popescu, R.; Rabaute, T.; Savinaud, M.; Sepulcre, G.; Valero, S.; Ahmad, I.; Bégué, A.; Wu, B.; De Abelleyra, D.; Diarra, A.; Dupuy, S.; French, A.; Ul Hassan Akhtar, I.; Kussul, N.; Lebourgeois, V.; Le Page, M.; Newby, T.; Savin, I.; Verón, S.R.; Koetz, B.; Defourny, P. Building a Data Set over 12 Globally Distributed Sites to Support the Development of Agriculture Monitoring Applications with Sentinel-2. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 16062-16090.

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