With the development of satellite communication networks and the increase of satellite services, security problems have gradually become some of the most concerning issues. Researchers have made great efforts, including conventional safety methods such as secure transmission, anti-jamming, secure access, and especially the new generation of active defense technology represented by MTD. However, few scholars have theoretically studied the influence of active defense technique on the performance of satellite networks. Formal modeling and performance analysis have not been given sufficient attention. In this paper, we focus on the performance evaluation of satellite network moving target defense system. Firstly, two Stochastic Petri Nets (SPN) models are constructed to analyze the performance of satellite network in traditional and active defense states, respectively. Secondly, the steady-state probability of each marking in SPN models is obtained by using the isomorphism relation between SPN and Markov Chains (MC), and further key performance indicators such as average time delay, throughput, and the utilization of bandwidth are reasoned theoretically. Finally, the proposed two SPN models are simulated based on the PIPE platform. In addition, the effect of parameters on the selected performance indexes is analyzed by varying the values of different parameters. The simulation results prove the correctness of the theoretical reasoning and draw the key factors affecting the performance of satellite network, which can provide an important theoretical basis for the design and performance optimization of the satellite network moving target defense system.
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